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The freshwater cnidarian Hydra was first described in 1702 and has been the object of study for 300 years. Experimental studies of Hydra between 1736 and 1744 culminated in the discovery of asexual reproduction of an animal by budding, the first description of regeneration in an animal, and successful transplantation of tissue between animals. Today, Hydra(More)
Cnidaria are the first class of organisms in animal evolution with a nervous system. The cnidarian Hydra has two types of neuronal cell, nerve cells and nematocytes. Both differentiate from the same pool of pluripotent stem cells. Yet, the molecular regulation of neural differentiation in Hydra is largely unknown. Here, we report the identification of(More)
Wnt genes and beta-catenin signaling are involved in axial patterning processes in vertebrate embryogenesis in setting up the Spemann-Mangold organizer in amphibian embryos. An organizer with a similar function is present in the hypostome of an adult Hydra polyp. Previously, a Hydra ortholog of Wnt3 (HyWnt3), which is expressed in the hypostome, has been(More)
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