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When observers are asked to localize the final position of a moving target, the judged position is usually displaced from the actual position in the direction of motion. The short-term time course of the displacement was investigated to test theories that attribute the localization error to spatial and temporal properties of human perception or to(More)
Observers' judgments of the final position of a moving target are typically shifted in the direction of implied motion ("representational momentum"). The role of attention is unclear: visual attention may be necessary to maintain or halt target displacement. When attention was captured by irrelevant distractors presented during the retention interval,(More)
Some accounts hold that the position of moving objects is extrapolated either in visual perception or visual short-term memory ("representational momentum"). However, some studies did not find forward displacement of the final position when smooth motion was used, whereas reliable displacement was observed with implied motion. To resolve this conflict, the(More)
The perceived and remembered position of stationary target objects is subject to a large number of distortions. Objects are localized toward the fovea, and when an additional object (distractor) is presented, a tendency to average target and distractor position was observed. These distortions in visual short-term memory have been referred to as foveal bias(More)
  • Dirk Kerzel
  • 2003
Many observers believe that a target will continue on a curved trajectory after exiting a spiral tube. Similarly, when observers were asked to localize the final position of a target moving on a circular orbit, displacement of the judged position in the direction of forward motion ("representational momentum") and toward the center of the orbit was observed(More)
  • Dirk Kerzel
  • 2002
When observers are asked to localize the final position of a moving stimulus, judgements may be influenced by additional elements that are presented in the visual scene. Typically, judgements arc biased toward a salient non-target element. It has been assumed that the non-target element acts as a landmark and attracts the remembered final target position.(More)
When we view the world around us, we constantly move our eyes. This brings objects of interest into the fovea and keeps them there, but visual sensitivity has been shown to deteriorate while the eyes are moving. Here we show that human sensitivity for some visual stimuli is improved during smooth pursuit eye movements. Detection thresholds for briefly(More)
In order to study memory of the final position of a smoothly moving target, Hubbard (e.g., Hubbard and Bharucha, 1988) presented smooth stimulus motion and used motor responses. In contrast, Freyd (e.g., Freyd and Finke, 1984) presented implied stimulus motion and used the method of constant stimuli. The same forward error was observed in both paradigms.(More)
Improvements of perceptual performance following the presentation of peripheral cues have been ascribed to accelerated accrual of information, enhanced contrast perception, and decision bias. We investigated effects of peripheral cues on the perception of Gabor and letter stimuli. Non-predictive, peripheral cues improved perceptual accuracy when the stimuli(More)