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Data are presented on the potential of gynogenesis for the production of monohaploids and on factors affecting their frequency and relative vigour. Diploid Solanum tuberosum L. and S. tuberosumxS. phureja Juz et Buk hybrids were used as maternal parents and selected S. phureja clones as prickle pollinators with embryo-spot and nodal band as dominant seed(More)
Uniparental activity of ribosomal RNA genes (rDNA) in interspecific hybrids is known as nucleolar dominance (ND). To see if difference in rDNA intergenic spacers (IGS) might be correlated with ND, we have used artificial Solanum allopolyploids and back-crossed lines. Combining fluorescence in situ hybridization and quantification of the level of the rRNA(More)
Phytophthora infestans (Mont.) de Bary is the most important fungal pathogen of the potato (Solanum tuberosum). The introduction of major genes for resistance from the wild species S. demissum into potato cultivars is the earliest example of breeding for resistance using wild germplasm in this crop. Eleven resistance alleles (R genes) are known, differing(More)
Phytophthora infestans is the causal agent of late blight in potato. The Mexican species Solanum demissum is well known as a good resistance source. Among the 11 R gene differentials, which were introgressed from S. demissum, especially R8 and R9 differentials showed broad spectrum resistance both under laboratory and under field conditions. In order to(More)
Identification of resistance (R) genes to Phytophthora infestans is an essential step in molecular breeding of potato. We identified three specific R genes segregating in a diploid mapping population. One of the R genes is located on chromosome 4 and proved phenotypically indistinguishable from the Solanum demissum-derived R2, although S. demissum is not(More)
To increase the potential for establishing a complete series of tomato chromosome addition-sbstitution lines in a potato background, six new BC1 progeny were produced. All of them originated from crosses between three different hexaploid potato (+) tomato fusion hybrids. Three different somatic hybrids, viz., C31-17-5, C31-17-24, and C31-17-51, were used as(More)
Introgression breeding has resulted in several potato lines that are resistant to late blight, a devastating plant disease caused by the oomycete Phytophthora infestans. The traditional differential set consists of potato lines with 11 late blight resistance specificities, referred to as R1 to R11. With the exception of the R4 locus, all the resistance loci(More)
Using different genotypes of tomato and diploid potato, possessing alien selectable markers as well as endogenous markers, very high frequencies of protoplast fusion hybrids were obtained. One endogenous genetic marker, the amylose-free (amf) mutant of potato, was helpful not only for the confirmation of fusion products but also for the study of genetic(More)
Somatic fusion hybrids between the diploid potato and tomato were backcrossed to several genotypes of potato. Two ploidy levels of fusion hybrids, 4x and 6x, were used as female parents in backcrosses with five clones of 4x-potato. An estimate of the berry set and "seed set" in immature berries harvested 14-21 days after pollination indicated that crosses(More)
A 4x potato (+) tomato fusion hybrid (2n = 4x = 48) was successfully backcrossed with a diploid Lycopersicon pennellii (2n = 2x = 24). Genomic in situ hybridization (GISH) on somatic and meiotic chromosomes confirmed that the progenies were triploids (2n = 3x = 36) and possessed three different genomes: potato, tomato, and L. pennellii. Therefore, they have(More)
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