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Exercise is the most important physiological stimulus for increased myocardial oxygen demand. The requirement of exercising muscle for increased blood flow necessitates an increase in cardiac output that results in increases in the three main determinants of myocardial oxygen demand: heart rate, myocardial contractility, and ventricular work. The(More)
BACKGROUND Ischemic preconditioning reduces local tissue injury caused by subsequent ischemia-reperfusion (IR), but may also have a salutary effect on IR injury of tissues remote from those undergoing preconditioning. We tested the hypothesis that limb ischemia induces remote preconditioning, reduces endothelial IR injury in humans, and reduces experimental(More)
The Fibulins are a 6-member protein family hypothesized to function as intermolecular bridges that stabilize the organization of extracellular matrix structures. Here, we show that reduced expression of Fibulin-4 leads to aneurysm formation, dissection of the aortic wall and cardiac abnormalities. Fibulin-4 knockdown mice with a hypomorphic expression(More)
BACKGROUND Brief coronary artery occlusions (CAOs) protect both the artery's own perfusion territory ("myocardial preconditioning") and adjacent "virgin" myocardium. Whether ischemia in remote organs protects myocardium is unknown. We examined whether brief occlusion of the anterior mesenteric artery (MAO) or left renal artery (RAO) protects against(More)
AIMS The overloaded heart remodels by cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and interstitial fibrosis, which contributes to the development of heart failure. Signalling via the TGFβ-pathway is crucial for this remodelling. Here we tested the hypothesis that microRNAs in the overloaded heart regulate this remodelling process via inhibition of the TGFβ-pathway. METHODS(More)
Phosphorylation of cardiac myofilament proteins represents one of the main post-translational mechanisms that regulate cardiac pump function. Human studies are often limited by the amount of available tissue as biopsies taken during cardiac catheterization weigh only 1 mg (dry weight). Similarly, investigation of time- (or dose-) dependent changes in(More)
OBJECTIVES We studied the effect of drug-eluting stent implantation for chronic total coronary occlusion (CTO) on left ventricular volumes and function and assessed the predictive value of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) performed before revascularization. BACKGROUND The effect of recanalization of CTO on long-term left ventricular function and the value(More)
In healthy human myocardium a tight balance exists between receptor-mediated kinases and phosphatases coordinating phosphorylation of regulatory proteins involved in cardiomyocyte contractility. During heart failure, when neurohumoral stimulation increases to compensate for reduced cardiac pump function, this balance is perturbed. The imbalance between(More)
OBJECTIVE The role of nitric oxide (NO) in the regulation of vasomotor tone and tissue O(2)-consumption is incompletely understood. We therefore determined the contribution of endogenous NO to regulation of systemic, pulmonary and coronary vasomotor tone and myocardial (MV(O(2))) and whole body (BV(O(2))) O(2)-consumption in exercising swine. METHODS AND(More)
Myocardial infarction (MI) initiates cardiac remodeling, depresses pump function, and predisposes to heart failure. This study was designed to identify early alterations in Ca2+ handling and myofilament proteins, which may contribute to contractile dysfunction and reduced beta-adrenergic responsiveness in postinfarct remodeled myocardium. Protein(More)