Dirk J Beuckelmann

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Patients with severe heart failure are at high risk of sudden cardiac death. In the majority of these patients, sudden cardiac death is thought to be due to ventricular tachyarrhythmias. Alterations of the electric properties of single myocytes in heart failure may favor the occurrence of ventricular arrhythmias in these patients by inducing early or(More)
BACKGROUND The role of the L-type calcium channel in human heart failure is unclear, on the basis of previous whole-cell recordings. METHODS AND RESULTS We investigated the properties of L-type calcium channels in left ventricular myocytes isolated from nonfailing donor hearts (n= 16 cells) or failing hearts of transplant recipients with dilated (n=9) or(More)
BACKGROUND Despite advances in medical therapy, congestive heart failure remains a major cause of death in the developed world. A disproportionate number of the deaths of patients with heart failure are sudden and presumed to be arrhythmic. Heart failure in humans and in animal models is associated with prolongation of the action potential duration (APD),(More)
Recordings have been made of changes in intracellular calcium ion concentration ([Ca2+]i) that can be attributed to the operation of an electrogenic, voltage-dependent sodium-calcium (Na-Ca) exchanger in mammalian heart cells. Guinea pig ventricular myocytes under voltage clamp were perfused internally with fura-2, a fluorescent Ca2+-indicator, and changes(More)
BACKGROUND The hyperpolarization-activated inward current (I[f]) was found to be overexpressed in hypertrophied rat ventricular myocytes, indicating that I(f) might favor arrhythmias in hypertrophied or failing ventricular myocardium. In the present study, we evaluated whether I(f) is expressed in human ventricular myocardium, if it may be increased in(More)
1. The mechanisms that control release of Ca2+ from the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) of guinea-pig ventricular cells were studied by observing intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i transients) and membrane currents in voltage-clamped guinea-pig ventricular myocytes perfused internally with Fura-2. 2. Sarcolemmal Ca2+ current was identified through the(More)
1. Membrane currents and changes in [Ca2+]i attributable to the operation of an electrogenic Na-Ca exchange mechanism were recorded in single isolated guinea-pig ventricular myocytes under voltage clamp and internal perfusion with the Ca2+ indicator Fura-2. 2. Ionic currents that interfere with the measurement of Na-Ca exchange current were blocked through(More)
BACKGROUND The pacemaker current I(f) contributes to spontaneous diastolic depolarization of cardiac autonomic cells. In heterologous expression, HCN channels exhibit a hyperpolarization-activated inward current similar to I(f). However, the links between HCN genes and native I(f) are largely inferential, and it remains unknown whether I(f) is essential for(More)
Membrane currents and changes in intracellular calcium ion concentration ([Ca2+]i) have been recorded that can be attributed to the operation of an electrogenic, voltage-dependent sodium-calcium (Na-Ca) exchanger in mammalian heart cells. Single guinea-pig ventricular myocytes under voltage clamp were perfused internally with the fluorescent Ca2+-indicator,(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the single-channel properties of different gating modes in the native human cardiac Na+ channel. Patch-clamp experiments were performed at low noise using ultrathick-walled pipettes. In 17 cell-attached patches containing only one channel, fast back and forth switching between five different Na+-channel gating(More)
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