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BACKGROUND Precise knowledge of the epidemiology of suicidality provides necessary information for designing prevention programs. The aims of the present study were to investigate the prevalence and correlates of suicidal ideas and attempts in the general population of Europe. METHODS The European Study on the Epidemiology of Mental Disorders (ESEMED) is(More)
OBJECTIVE Impact of caregiver characteristics, patient variables, and regional differences on family burden. METHOD Two hundred and eighteen schizophrenia patients and key-relatives of an urban and a rural area were examined five times over 30 months. Patients' psychopathology, service utilization; relatives' burden, coping abilities and contact duration(More)
BACKGROUND Burden on the relatives of patients with schizophrenia may be influenced not only by patient and caregiver characteristics, but also by differences in mental health service provision. AIMS To analyse whether family burden is affected by national differences in the provision of mental health services. METHOD Patients with schizophrenia and(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to analyze and compare different valuation methods for population health status measured by the EuroQol-5D (EQ-5D) in three European countries. METHODS A representative survey of the noninstitutionalized population aged 18 and above was conducted in three European countries (Germany, The Netherlands, and Spain). A(More)
BACKGROUND Due to demographic change, the advanced elderly represent the fastest growing population group in Europe. Health problems tend to be frequent and increasing with age within this cohort. AIMS OF THE STUDY To describe and compare health status of the elderly population in six European countries and to analyze the impact of socio-demographic(More)
This systematic literature review identified and summarized 35 studies that investigated the relationship between multiple chronic conditions (MCCs) and health care utilization outcomes (i.e. physician use, hospital use, medication use) and health care cost outcomes (medication costs, out-of-pocket costs, total health care costs) for elderly general(More)
Although present findings about frequent users of psychiatric inpatient services vary from study to study, some potentially important predictors of frequent use were extracted. The purpose of this study was to examine the potentially contributory factors of frequent use of psychiatric inpatient services by schizophrenia patients and to test the influence(More)
The aim of the study was to analyze the physical activity, dietary, drinking, and smoking habits of schizophrenia patients (SP). Data from 194 schizophrenia outpatients collected using sections of the German National Health Interview and Examination Survey were compared with data from the German general population (GP). In addition to univariate data(More)
Numerous studies have established proof of selective media reporting about the mentally ill, with the majority of the reports focusing almost exclusively on violence and dangerousness. A handful of studies found that there is an association between negative media portrayals and negative attitudes toward people with mental illness. However, empirical(More)
OBJECTIVE The short-term effect of an adverse parental child rearing style on suicidality in adolescence has been extensively discussed. Nevertheless, little is known about the long-term effect of adverse parental child rearing on lifetime suicidality in adulthood. So the present study aims to examine the relation between parental bonding on the one hand(More)