Learn More
INTRODUCTION During the last 20 years a great number of studies have emphasized the potential role of psychological factors as relevant predictors for the first onset of back pain as well as for the development of chronic pain. The formulation of a biopsychosocial perspective of the etiology and chronicity of back pain was a natural consequence. Actual(More)
AIM OF INVESTIGATION Recent research indicated wide variability regarding pain-related cognitive/affective and behavioral responses to pain, showing that fear-avoidance responses (FAR) and endurance-responses (ER) play a prominent role in the maintenance of low back pain (LBP). Until now, there is a lack of reliable and valid instruments covering FAR and(More)
BACKGROUND The Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia (TSK), an instrument for measuring fear of movement/(re)injury, has been confirmed as an important predictor for the persistence of pain-related disability. The aims of this study were to evaluate the psychometric properties of a German version of the TSK (TSK-GV), examining aspects of content validity with(More)
In 1992 Von Korff and his co-workers developed a simple, brief questionnaire to assess the severity of chronic pain problems, the Chronic Pain Grade (CPG). The present study was conducted to analyse the psychometric properties of the translated German version of the CPG within a population of primary care back pain patients (n=130). Factor analysis yielded(More)
Recent research has found individual differences in back pain patients due to behavioral avoidance vs persistence. However, there is a lack of prospective studies of nonspecific low back pain patients. The avoidance-endurance model (AEM) suggests at least 3 pathways leading to chronic pain: fear-avoidance response, distress-endurance response, and(More)
Due to international guidelines of treatment of acute low back pain (LBP), psychosocial risk factors like depressive mood and maladaptive pain-related coping strategies ('yellow flags') have to be assessed in the early phase of acute pain. Within this longitudinal study in patients with LBP and leg pain, we used an artificial neural network (ANN) to(More)
PURPOSE This pilot study systematically examined the correlations between the outcome variables pain intensity, disability and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and between these outcomes and known psychological risk factors for chronic low back pain (CLBP), such as depression, trait anxiety, avoidance- and endurance-related pain responses at two(More)
OBJECTIVES To study the impact of radical tumour surgery in prostate and renal cell cancer patients on quality of life (QOL). METHODS In 38 male patients suffering from organ-confined prostate or renal cell cancer, a prospective study was performed. For the evaluation of QOL, we used the EMPK (Erfassung multipler psychischer Konstrukte). Urologic symptoms(More)
BACKGROUND The variables pain intensity (SI), disability (DS) and quality of life (QoL) belong to a set of primary patient-based outcomes in chronic low back pain (CLBP). The avoidance-endurance model (AEM) assumes three maladaptive and one adaptive pain response pattern. The purpose of this study was to study the level and course of the outcomes with(More)
  • 1