Dirk Fischer

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Mutations in myotilin gene (MYOT) have been associated with variable syndromes including limb girdle muscular dystrophy type 1A (LGMD1A) and a subgroup of myofibrillar myopathy (MFM/MYOT). We studied six Spanish patients from three unrelated kindreds and seven patients without family history. Three previously reported and two novel disease-associated MYOT(More)
Centronuclear myopathy (CNM) is a slowly progressive congenital myopathy characterized by abnormal centrally located nuclei in a large number of muscle fibres. Recently, different missense mutations affecting the middle domain of the dynamin 2 (DNM2) have been shown to cause autosomal dominant CNM. In order to better define the phenotype of DNM2-related(More)
Distal hereditary motor neuropathy (HMN) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of disorders affecting spinal alpha-motor neurons. Since 2001, mutations in six different genes have been identified for autosomal dominant distal HMN; glycyl-tRNA synthetase (GARS), dynactin 1 (DCTN1), small heat shock 27 kDa protein 1 (HSPB1), small heat shock 22(More)
In this paper, we present an efficient exploration algorithm for architecture/compiler co-designs of application-specific instruction-set processors. The huge design space is spanned by processor architecture parameters as well as different compiler optimization strategies. The objective space is multi-dimensional including conflicting objectives such as(More)
Driven by increasing numbers of newly identified genetic defects and new insights into the field of inherited muscle diseases, neuromuscular imaging in general and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in particular are increasingly being used to characterise the severity and pattern of muscle involvement. Although muscle biopsy is still the gold standard for(More)
Mutations in the filamin C gene (FLNC) cause a myofibrillar myopathy (MFM), morphologically characterized by focal myofibrillar destruction and abnormal accumulation of several proteins within skeletal muscle fibres. We studied 31 patients from four German families to evaluate the phenotype of filaminopathy. All patients harboured the same p.W2710X mutation(More)
Mutations of the human desmin gene on chromosome 2q35 cause a familial or sporadic form of skeletal myopathy frequently associated with cardiac abnormalities. Here, we report the pathogenic effects of a novel heterozygous R350P desmin missense mutation, which resides in the evolutionary highly conserved coil 2B domain of the alpha-helical coiled-coil desmin(More)
Distal hereditary motor neuropathies comprise a clinically and genetically heterogeneous group of disorders. We recently mapped an X-linked form of this condition to chromosome Xq13.1-q21 in two large unrelated families. The region of genetic linkage included ATP7A, which encodes a copper-transporting P-type ATPase mutated in patients with Menkes disease, a(More)
Mutations in the desmin gene have been recognized as a cause of desminopathy, a familial or sporadic disorder characterized by skeletal muscle weakness, often associated with cardiomyopathy or respiratory insufficiency. Distinctive histopathologic features include aberrant intracytoplasmic accumulation of desmin (DES). We present here comparative(More)
Recent studies in desmin (-/-) mice have shown that the targeted ablation of desmin leads to pathological changes of the extrasarcomeric intermediate filament cytoskeleton, as well as structural and functional abnormalities of mitochondria in striated muscle. Here, we report on a novel heterozygous single adenine insertion mutation (c.5141_5143insA) in a(More)