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—Vector Fitting is widely accepted as a robust macro-modeling tool for approximating frequency domain responses of complex physical structures. In this paper, the Orthonormal Vector Fitting technique is presented, which uses orthonormal rational functions to improve the numerical stability of the method. This reduces the numerical sensitivity of the system(More)
—Rational approximation of frequency-domain responses is commonly used in electromagnetic transients programs for frequency-dependent modeling of transmission lines and to some extent, network equivalents (FDNEs) and transformers. This paper analyses one of the techniques [vector fitting (VF)] within a general iterative least-squares scheme that also(More)
A robust multivariate extension of the orthonormal vector fitting technique is introduced for rational parametric macromodeling of highly dynamic responses in the frequency domain. The technique is applicable to data that is sparse or dense, deterministic or a bit noisy, and grid-based or scattered in the design space. For a specified geometrical parameter(More)
This paper presents an efficient and robust algorithm for passivity enforcement of <i>S</i> -parameter-based macromodels. The method computes updated values of the model residues by least squares fitting of nonpassive residuals of the scattering matrix. Several examples show that the proposed method yields accurate passive macromodels at a limited(More)
A large amount of research focuses on experimentally optimizing performance of wireless solutions. Finding the optimal performance settings typically requires investigating all possible combinations of design parameters, while the number of required experiments increases exponentially for each considered design parameter. The aim of this paper is to analyze(More)
Vector fitting is widely accepted as a robust macromodelling tool for efficient frequency domain identification of passive components. The orthonormal vector fitting technique is introduced, which improves the numerical stability of the method, by using orthonormal rational functions. This leads to better conditioned equations, reduces the numerical(More)