Dirk De Waele

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The freeze thaw transfection procedure of Dityatkin et al. (1972) was adapted for the transfection and transformation of A. tumefaciens. Transfection of the strains B6S3 and B6-6 with DNA of the temperate phage PS8cc186 yielded a maximum frequency of 2 10-7 transfectants per total recipient population. In transformation of the strain GV3100 with the P type(More)
Although mycorrhizal colonization provides a bioprotectional effect against a broad range of soil-borne pathogens, including plant parasitic nematodes, the commercial use of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) as biocontrol agents is still in its infancy. One of the main reasons is the poor understanding of the modes of action. Most AMF mode of action(More)
Two surveys were carried out during 2009. The first survey was during the dry summer season (mid-January to mid-May) in 450 rice fields from ten regions representing the summer-irrigated, lowland rice ecosystem in the lower Ayeyarwady delta area of Myanmar. The second survey was during the rainy (monsoon) season (mid-May to mid-October) in 102 rice fields(More)
Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) can control root-knot nematode infection, but the mode of action is still unknown. We investigated the effects of AMF and mycorrhizal root exudates on the initial steps of Meloidogyne incognita infection, namely movement towards and penetration of tomato roots. M. incognita soil migration and root penetration were(More)
The root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita poses a worldwide threat to agriculture, with an increasing demand for alternative control options since most common nematicides are being withdrawn due to environmental concerns. The biocontrol potential of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) against plant-parasitic nematodes has been demonstrated, but the modes(More)
Four Musa cultivars, differing in nematode susceptibility, were selected to study their relative mycorrhizal dependency and to study the interaction between the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus (AMF), Glomus mosseae, and two migratory endoparasitic nematodes, Radopholus similis and Pratylenchus coffeae. Mycorrhization with G. mosseae resulted in significantly(More)
In this study, the effect of an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus (AMF) and two migratory endoparasitic nematodes on Musa plant growth, including the root system, were examined. In addition, the AMF-nematode interaction was studied. Seven Musa genotypes with different root systems were selected. Based on their relative mycorrhizal dependency, two genotypes(More)
The effects of Glomus intraradices on the reproduction of the burrowing nematode Radopholus similis were studied under dixenic culture conditions. The life cycles of both the arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus (AMF) and the nematode were completed in presence of each other and a transformed carrot root as host. The AMF suppressed the R. similis population by(More)
Rhizodeposition was collected from root tips of banana (Musa acuminata). Two varieties, Grande naine and Yangambi km5, susceptible and resistant towards the burrowing nematode Radopholus similis, respectively, were examined for root border cell production under in vitro and in soil growing conditions. Two types of cells were observed in rhizodeposition:(More)
The effects of five consecutive applications, every 4 months, of Counter, Furadan, Mocap, Nemacur, Rugby, and Vydate on functional root percentage, production parameters, and on enhanced biodegradation were compared in a commercial banana plantation in Costa Rica. To quantify nematode numbers and estimate functional root percentage, root samples were taken(More)