Dirk Daelemans

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We introduce a novel statistical approach that quantifies, for the first time, the amount of colocalization of two fluorescent-labeled proteins in an image automatically, removing the bias of visual interpretation. This is done by estimating simultaneously the maximum threshold of intensity for each color below which pixels do not show any statistical(More)
Vessel sprouting by migrating tip and proliferating stalk endothelial cells (ECs) is controlled by genetic signals (such as Notch), but it is unknown whether metabolism also regulates this process. Here, we show that ECs relied on glycolysis rather than on oxidative phosphorylation for ATP production and that loss of the glycolytic activator PFKFB3 in ECs(More)
Here we provide evidence for a critical role of the transient receptor potential cation channel, subfamily V, member 4 (TRPV4) in normal bladder function. Immunofluorescence demonstrated TRPV4 expression in mouse and rat urothelium and vascular endothelium, but not in other cell types of the bladder. Intracellular Ca2+ measurements on urothelial cells(More)
The nuclear export protein XPO1 is overexpressed in cancer, leading to the cytoplasmic mislocalization of multiple tumor suppressor proteins. Existing XPO1-targeting agents lack selectivity and have been associated with significant toxicity. Small molecule selective inhibitors of nuclear export (SINEs) were designed that specifically inhibit XPO1. Genetic(More)
Insight into the mode of action of newly discovered antiviral agents is now almost a prerequisite for clinical development. This protocol describes a method that provides information on the target of inhibitors of the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV); it can also be adapted to other viruses. The results from this experiment are available within 2 d. This(More)
The HIV-1 Rev protein is an essential regulator of the HIV-1 mRNA expression that promotes the export of unspliced and partially spliced mRNA. The export receptor for the leucine-rich nuclear export signal (NES) of Rev has recently been recognized as CRM1. We identified a low molecular weight compound PKF050-638 as an inhibitor of HIV-1 Rev. This drug(More)
Malaria-associated acute respiratory distress syndrome (MA-ARDS) is a deadly complication of malaria, and its pathophysiology is insufficiently understood. Both in humans and in murine models, MA-ARDS is characterized by marked pulmonary inflammation. We investigated the role of hemozoin in MA-ARDS in C57Bl/6 mice infected with Plasmodium berghei NK65, P.(More)
The common participation of oncogenic KRAS proteins in many of the most lethal human cancers, together with the ease of detecting somatic KRAS mutant alleles in patient samples, has spurred persistent and intensive efforts to develop drugs that inhibit KRAS activity. However, advances have been hindered by the pervasive inter- and intra-lineage diversity in(More)
Nuclear export of intron-containing human immunodeficiency virus type 1 RNA is mediated by the viral Rev protein. Rev is a nucleocytoplasmic transport protein that directly binds to its cis-acting Rev-responsive element RNA. Rev function depends on its ability to multimerize. The in vivo dynamics and the subcellular dependence of this process are still(More)
The peptoid CGP64222 has been previously demonstrated to inhibit the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) Tat/transactivation response element complex formation. It has previously been shown that CGP64222 selectively inhibits HIV-1 long terminal repeat-driven gene expression and HIV-1(LAV) replication in lymphocytes. Here, we show that CGP64222 inhibits the(More)