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OBJECTIVES To determine the effect of different training schedules on the cross sectional area (CSA) of the lumbar multifidus muscle in patients with chronic low back pain. METHODS Each of 59 nine patients was randomly assigned to one of three programmes: 10 weeks of stabilisation training (group 1; n = 19); 10 weeks of stabilisation training combined(More)
The two vertebral arteries are usually unequal in size, the left one being generally larger than the right one. It is not clear why this asymmetry exists. One of the hypotheses is that this asymmetry is related to the vascular requirements of the brain. To support this statement, we investigated the correlation between a dominant left vertebral artery and(More)
Increasing documentation on the size and appearance of muscles in the lumbar spine of low back pain (LBP) patients is available in the literature. However, a comparative study between unoperated chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients and matched (age, gender, physical activity, height and weight) healthy controls with regard to muscle cross-sectional area(More)
The present study was carried out to examine possible mechanisms of back muscle dysfunction by assessing a stabilising and a torque-producing back muscle, the multifidus (MF) and the iliocostalis lumborum pars thoracis (ICLT), respectively, in order to identify whether back pain patients showed altered recruitment patterns during different types of(More)
BACKGROUND Suprascapular nerve entrapment with isolated paralysis of the infraspinatus muscle is uncommon. However, this pathology has been reported in volleyball players. Despite a lack of scientific evidence, excessive strain on the nerve is often cited as a possible cause of this syndrome. Previous research has shown a close association between shoulder(More)
Although taping techniques are commonly used in addition to exercise programmes in the rehabilitation of shoulder instability and secondary subacromial or internal impingement, few studies exist on the effect of taping on the muscle activity of the scapular rotators. The purpose of our study was to examine the influence of one particular tape on muscular(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the recruitment pattern of deep and superficial neck flexors evoked by three different cervical flexion exercises using muscle functional MRI. In 19 healthy participants, transverse relaxation time (T2) values were calculated for the longus colli (Lco), longus capitis (Lca), and sternocleidomastoid (SCM) at rest(More)
STUDY DESIGN Test-retest reliability study and single-group repeated measures design. OBJECTIVES To evaluate the muscle latency times of the 3 portions of the trapezius muscle to a sudden arm movement in normal shoulders and to determine if this recruitment pattern is altered as a result of fatigue. BACKGROUND It has been suggested that shoulder(More)
As a prerequisite to the use of a test battery based on electromyographic (EMG) analysis of the paraspinal muscles for identifying and remedying back muscle dysfunction, the intra- and inter-operator reliability was assessed. Fifteen volunteers underwent EMG tests on three occasions. The test subjects were asked to perform 22 exercises, subdivided into four(More)
The introduction of light emitting diode (LED) devices as a novel treatment for pain relief in place of low-level laser warrants fundamental research on the effect of LED devices on one of the potential explanatory mechanisms: peripheral neurophysiology in vivo. A randomised controlled study was conducted by measuring antidromic nerve conduction on the(More)