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The two vertebral arteries are usually unequal in size, the left one being generally larger than the right one. It is not clear why this asymmetry exists. One of the hypotheses is that this asymmetry is related to the vascular requirements of the brain. To support this statement, we investigated the correlation between a dominant left vertebral artery and(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the recruitment pattern of deep and superficial neck flexors evoked by three different cervical flexion exercises using muscle functional MRI. In 19 healthy participants, transverse relaxation time (T2) values were calculated for the longus colli (Lco), longus capitis (Lca), and sternocleidomastoid (SCM) at rest(More)
Although taping techniques are commonly used in addition to exercise programmes in the rehabilitation of shoulder instability and secondary subacromial or internal impingement, few studies exist on the effect of taping on the muscle activity of the scapular rotators. The purpose of our study was to examine the influence of one particular tape on muscular(More)
The present study was carried out to examine possible mechanisms of back muscle dysfunction by assessing a stabilising and a torque-producing back muscle, the multifidus (MF) and the iliocostalis lumborum pars thoracis (ICLT), respectively, in order to identify whether back pain patients showed altered recruitment patterns during different types of(More)
There is mounting evidence of an association between chronic neck pain and impaired cervical flexor muscle performance. It is likely that the deep cervical flexors demonstrate changes very early after the onset of pain, but evidence is currently lacking. This study investigated the effect of experimental neck muscle pain on the activation of the cervical(More)
The introduction of light emitting diode (LED) devices as a novel treatment for pain relief in place of low-level laser warrants fundamental research on the effect of LED devices on one of the potential explanatory mechanisms: peripheral neurophysiology in vivo. A randomised controlled study was conducted by measuring antidromic nerve conduction on the(More)
This study examined and compared the control of posture during bilateral stance in ten boys with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) of 6-8 years old and ten matched typically developing boys in four sensory conditions (with or without vision, on a firm or complaint surface). In all conditions mean postural sway velocity was larger for the boys with(More)
The cranio-cervical flexion test (CCF-T) is used as a clinical evaluation tool for the deep cervical flexors (DCF). The influence of breathing type, expiration and cervical posture on the performance of the test is evaluated in asymptomatic subjects. Thirty volunteers participated in the study and were classified according to their breathing type:(More)
The aims of the current study were to examine the stationarities of surface electromyographic (EMG) signals obtained from eight bilateral back and hip muscles during a modified Biering-Sørensen test, and to investigate whether short-time Fourier (STFT) and continuous wavelet transforms (CWT) provided similar information with regard to EMG spectral(More)
The present study aimed at assessing the test-retest reliability of wavelet - and Fourier derived (instantaneous) median frequencies of surface electromyographic (EMG) measurements of back and hip muscles during isometric back extensions. Twenty healthy subjects (10 males and 10 females) performed a modified Biering-Sørensen test on two separate days, with(More)