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1 Ristad's problem Much progress in theoretical linguistics has been made possible by the distinction between competence and performance, which is essentially an idealization over the data that linguists work with. Chomsky (1965:3) formulates it as follows: (1) Linguistic theory is concerned primarily with an ideal speaker-listener, in a completely(More)
The view defended in this paper is that French N-words are inherently negative. We argue that French N-words are not simple (i.e. Negative Polarity Items/pure variables), but negative indefinites: complex XPs consisting of a phonologically null negative operator and an indefinite expression. French negative statements with N-words are instances of scope(More)
This paper discusses an approach to syntax that offers a new perspective on verb-initial languages that allow both VSO and VOS orders. A central assumption is that word order is not rigidly determined by structure. The predictions of this model are discussed in the context of St'át'imcets, Chamorro and Tongan. A comparison with several alternative analyses(More)
This paper discusses two patterns related to sentential embedding. First, it deals with the effect of verb movement and adjunction on the optionality of complementizers; in this context it offers an explanation of Sten Vikner's generalisation that optional complementizers are only found in languages without obligatory verb movement. Second, the status of(More)
In this paper we argue that selectional properties of affixes should be distributed across a morphosyntactic AFFIX and a morphophonological /affix/. The AFFIX selects a node with particular categorial features, but it does not specify an X-bar theoretical level. The /affix/ selects a head (or more precisely phonological word), but it does not care about(More)
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