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The crystal structure of the porcine heart catalytic subunit of cAMP-dependent protein kinase in a ternary complex with the MgATP analogue MnAMP-PNP and a pseudosubstrate inhibitor peptide, PKI(5-24), has been solved at 2.0 A resolution from monoclinic crystals of the catalytic subunit isoform CA. The refinement is presently at an R factor of 0.194 and the(More)
BACKGROUND Staurosporine inhibits most protein kinases at low nanomolar concentrations. As most tyrosine kinases, along with many serine/threonine kinases, are either proto oncoproteins or are involved in oncogenic signaling, the development of protein kinase inhibitors is a primary goal of cancer research. Staurosporine and many of its derivatives have(More)
The TrkA protein, which is essential for the activity of the constitutive Trk K+-uptake system of Escherichia coli, is a peripheral membrane protein. The protein was detected in immunoblots by polyclonal antibodies to sodium dodecyl sulfate-denatured TrkA protein. In extracts from wild-type cells equal amounts of TrkA were found in the membrane and soluble(More)
Evolution favours the use of glycine-rich loops for nucleotide binding in proteins. In the large family of protein kinases, the catalytic domain of which has one of the highest degrees of conservation among all known proteins, the structure of the nucleotide-binding site differs from classical folds. We are now beginning to understand the multiple(More)
Escherichia coli cells which contain a functional Kup (formerly TrkD) system took up Cs+ with a moderate rate and affinity. Kup is a separate K+ uptake system with relatively little discrimination in the transport of the cations K+, Rb+, and Cs+. Regardless of the presence or absence of Kup, K+-replete cells took up Cs+ primarily by a very low affinity(More)
Controlling aberrant kinase-mediated cellular signaling is a major strategy in cancer therapy; successful protein kinase inhibitors such as Tarceva and Gleevec verify this approach. Specificity of inhibitors for the targeted kinase(s), however, is a crucial factor for therapeutic success. Based on homology modeling, we previously identified four amino acids(More)
The N-terminal sequence myr-Gly-Asn is conserved among the myristoylated cAPK (protein kinase A) catalytic subunit isozymes Calpha, Cbeta, and Cgamma. By capillary LC-MS and tandem MS, we show that, in approximately one third of the Calpha and Cbeta enzyme populations from cattle, pig, rabbit, and rat striated muscle, Asn 2 is deamidated to Asp 2. This(More)
The discovery of several hundred different protein kinases involved in highly diverse cellular signaling pathways is in stark contrast to the much smaller number of known modulators of cell signaling. Of these, the H series protein kinase inhibitors (1-(5-isoquinolinesulfonyl)-2-methylpiperazine (H7), N-[2-(methylamino)ethyl]-5-isoquinolinesulfonamide (H8)(More)
The nucleotide sequence of trkA, a gene encoding a surface component of the constitutive K(+)-uptake systems TrkG and TrkH from Escherichia coli, was determined. The structure of the TrkA protein deduced from the nucleotide sequence accords with the view that TrkA is peripherally bound to the inner side of the cytoplasmic membrane. Analysis by a dot matrix(More)
Protein kinases catalyze the phosphotransfer reaction fundamental to most signaling and regulatory processes in the eukaryotic cell. Absolute control of individual protein kinase activity is, therefore, of utmost importance to signaling fidelity in the cell. Mechanisms for activity modulation, including complete and reversible inactivation, have been shown(More)