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Natural products, either as pure compounds or as standardized plant extracts, provide unlimited opportunities for new drug leads because of the unmatched availability of chemical diversity. To secure this, a number of pivotal quality standards need to be set at the level of extract processing and primary evaluation in pharmacological screening models. This(More)
Several caffeic acid esters isolated from propolis exhibit interesting antioxidant properties, but their in vivo use is compromised by hydrolysis of the ester bond in the gastrointestinal tract. Therefore, a series of caffeic acid amides were synthesized and their in vitro antioxidant profile was determined. A series of hydroxybenzoic acids, hydroxycinnamic(More)
Silicon (Si) deficiency in animals results in bone defects. Choline-stabilized orthosilicic acid (ch-OSA) was found to have a high bioavailability compared to other Si supplements. The effect of ch-OSA supplementation was investigated on bone loss in aged ovariectomized (OVX) rats. Female Wistar rats (n = 58, age 9 months) were randomized in three groups.(More)
Chronic exposure of the skin to sunlight causes damage to the underlying connective tissue with a loss of elasticity and firmness. Silicon (Si) was suggested to have an important function in the formation and maintenance of connective tissue. Choline-stabilized orthosilicic acid (“ch-OSA”) is a bioavailable form of silicon which was found to increase the(More)
Polyphenolic compounds are widely distributed in higher plants and are an integral part of the human diet. Recent interest in these substances has been stimulated by their potential health benefits, which are believed to arise mainly from their antioxidant activity. In the past years, the antioxidant activity of flavonoids has been studied in detail. An(More)
The superoxide scavenging activities of 12 flavonoids were measured. The superoxide anions were generated by a hypoxanthine-xanthine oxidase system and measured by the nitrite method. The results showed that the scavenging ability enhanced with an increasing number of hydroxyl groups in rings B. Substitution at C3 position with a hydroxyl group increased(More)
The bioavailability of silicon in stabilized orthosilicic acid was investigated in a double blind, placebo controlled supplementation study of calves maintained on a normal diet. The total dietary Si intake was increased by 4.9% in the form of stabilized orthosilicic acid. After 23 wk of Si supplementation, the serum Si concentration increased(More)
BACKGROUND Mounting evidence supports a physiological role for silicon (Si) as orthosilicic acid (OSA, Si(OH)4) in bone formation. The effect of oral choline-stabilized orthosilicic acid (ch-OSA) on markers of bone turnover and bone mineral density (BMD) was investigated in a double-blind placebo-controlled trial. METHODS Over 12-months, 136 women out of(More)
Two common procedures for wet destruction of biological materials for subsequent determination of selenium have been investigated. Rat organs and biological fluids were endogenously labelled with (75)Se to monitor losses during the procedures. Addition of nitric and perchloric acids with gradual heating up to 210 degrees seemed to be the best method: at(More)
Poliovirus was inactivated by 7.2m urea at pH 7.0 and 37° C. The RNA was released intact. At temperatures not exceeding 40° C, the empty capsid underwent a further stepwise degradation, loosing VP-2 and VP-3 until a skeleton particle was left, consisting almost entirely of a mixture of VP-1 and 3. Top component was disrupted with urea at high temperatures.(More)