Dipyaman Ganguly

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Dendritic cells (DCs) initiate and shape both the innate and adaptive immune responses. Accordingly, recent evidence from clinical studies and experimental models implicates DCs in the pathogenesis of most autoimmune diseases. However, fundamental questions remain unanswered concerning the actual roles of DCs in autoimmunity, both in general and, in(More)
CD14 is a lipopolysaccharide receptor known to be an important modulator of Th1–Th2 response during early childhood. Genetic association studies of the CD14 gene with asthma and atopic disorders have shown positive as well as negative results in different ethnic populations. The aim of this study was to test for association of C-159T functional promoter(More)
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is an autoimmune disorder characterized by the production of antibodies to self-nucleic acids, immune complex deposition, and tissue inflammation such as glomerulonephritis. Innate recognition of self-DNA and -RNA and the ensuing production of cytokines such as type I interferons (IFNs) contribute to SLE development.(More)
Imatinib, a small-molecule inhibitor of the Bcr-Abl kinase, is a successful drug for treating chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Bcr-Abl kinase stimulates the production of H2O2, which in turn activates Abl kinase. We therefore evaluated whether N-acetyl cysteine (NAC), a ROS scavenger improves imatinib efficacy. Effects of imatinib and NAC either alone or in(More)
In obese individuals, visceral adipose tissue (VAT) is the seat of chronic low-grade inflammation (metaflammation), but the mechanistic link between increased adiposity and metaflammation largely remains unclear. In obese individuals, deregulation of a specific adipokine, chemerin, contributes to innate initiation of metaflammation by recruiting circulating(More)
The role played by dendritic cells (DCs) in Leishmania donovani infection is poorly understood. Here, we report that L. donovani amastigotes efficiently infect human peripheral-blood monocyte-derived DCs. Opsonization with normal human serum enhanced the infectivity of amastigotes and promastigotes only marginally. Surface attachment versus internalization(More)
Vaccines based on dendritic cells--the immune system's key responders to foreign invaders--grabbed the spotlight of this decade. Scientists have devised a dozen different ways to make dendritic cell vaccines. They have linked dendritic cells with all kinds of antigens, including peptides derived from gene mutations, tumor/pathogen RNA, viral vectors, and(More)
The central pathogenetic role of type I interferons (IFNs) in several systemic autoimmune diseases is well established. Recent studies have also discovered a similar crucial role of type I IFNs in different components of metabolic disorders. Self nucleic acid-driven Toll-like receptor (TLR) activation in plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) and type I IFN(More)
Toll-like receptor 9 (TLR9) is a major therapeutic target for numerous inflammatory disorders. Development of small molecule inhibitors for TLR9 remains largely empirical due to lack of structural understanding of potential TLR9 antagonism by small molecules and due to the unusual topology of the ligand binding surface of the receptor. To develop a(More)
OBJECTIVE Increasing plasma levels and activity of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4 or CD26) are associated with rapid progression of metabolic syndrome to overt type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). While DPP4 inhibitors are increasingly used as anti-hyperglycemic agents, the reason for the increase in plasma DPP4 activity in T2DM patients remains elusive. (More)