Dipankar Koley

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Changes in HeLa cell morphology, membrane permeability, and viability caused by the presence of Triton X-100 (TX100), a nonionic surfactant, were studied by scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM). No change in membrane permeability was found at concentrations of 0.15 mM or lower during an experimental period of 30 to 60 min. Permeability of the cell(More)
Quantitative detection of hydrogen peroxide in solution above a Streptococcus gordonii (Sg) bacterial biofilm was studied in real time by scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM). The concentration of hydrogen peroxide was determined to be 0.7 mM to 1.6 mM in the presence of 10 mM glucose over a period of 2 to 8 h. The hydrogen peroxide production(More)
Oxidative stress induced in live HeLa cells by menadione (2-methyl-1,4-napthaquinone) was studied in real time by scanning electrochemical microscopy (SECM). The hydrophobic molecule menadione diffuses through a living cell membrane where it is toxic to the cell. However, in the cell it is conjugated with glutathione to form thiodione. Thiodione is then(More)
A general approach toward the synthesis of all four monomeric building blocks of the ribonucleoside amino acids 3'-amino-5'-carboxymethyl-3',5'-dideoxy nucleosides in their protected forms is described that will facilitate the development of amide-linked RNA mimics.
Sugar amino acid based 24-membered macrocyclic C2-symmetric cationic peptides were designed and synthesized. The cationic group was introduced in the sugar amino acids. The conformation of these cyclic compounds was ascertained through NMR techniques, which proved they were amphipathic in nature. All the compounds were bacteriolytic, showed good activity(More)
Bacteria are social organisms that possess multiple pathways for sensing and responding to small molecules produced by other microbes. Most bacteria in nature exist in sessile communities called biofilms, and the ability of biofilm bacteria to sense and respond to small molecule signals and cues produced by neighboring biofilm bacteria is particularly(More)
Herein, we report a new approach to electromodulate the release of NO at physiological levels through polymeric materials from a stable nitrite electrolyte reservoir, with potential application in controlling biofilm formation and clotting on intravascular catheters. The NO flux can be turned 'on' and 'off' electrochemically, on demand.
tert-Butyl nitrite was identified as a safe and chemoselective nitrating agent that provides preferentially mononitro derivatives of phenolic substrates in the presence of potentially competitive functional groups. On the basis of our control experiments, we propose that the reaction proceeds through the formation of O-nitrosyl intermediates prior to(More)
Inexpensive nitric oxide (NO) release strategies to prevent thrombosis and bacterial infections are desirable for implantable medical devices. Herein, we demonstrate the utility of electrochemically modulated NO release from a catheter model using an inner copper wire working electrode and an inorganic nitrite salt solution reservoir. These catheters(More)