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BACKGROUND The ability to place sutures under EUS control might allow development of a new type of transluminal endosurgery. The aim of this study was to develop endoscopic methods for suturing to variable predetermined depths in the wall of the GI tract and to allow fixation of adjacent hollow organs under EUS control. METHODS A suturing device was(More)
As survival among patients with renal failure improves, vascular access becomes more difficult, and preservation of functioning access increases in importance. Subclavian vein thrombosis associated with a distal arteriovenous fistula can result in massive and debilitating swelling of the affected extremity. We describe a novel crossover bypass grafting(More)
The posterior approach to the peroneal artery is described and illustrated by two case reports. The arterial inflow source was the popliteal artery, and the lesser saphenous vein in the reversed position was the bypass conduit. The approach was found to afford excellent exposure and is the logical choice when the inflow source, the distal target vessel, and(More)
PURPOSE The mortality of an unrepaired abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) generally exceeds the mortality associated with surgical repair. However, as our longevity increases, more frequently we see patients whose risk of surgical repair approximates the risk of rupture. We present an extra-anatomic bypass graft with complete aneurysm exclusion by iliac(More)
The present study was done to determine the toxicity of cadmium to Branchiura sowerbyi and juvenile Clarias batrachus. The 96 h median lethal concentrations (with 95 % confidence limit) of cadmium for B. sowerbyi and juvenile C. batrachus were 15.98 (10.78–20.82) and 29.39 (23.70–33.42) mg/l respectively. It indicates that B. sowerbyi was more susceptible(More)
Tetrachlorocatechol (TCC) is one of the most toxic chlorinated catechol produced by the chlorobleaching of pulp and frequently found in the kraft pulp mill effluents. Toxicity of TCC to common carp, Cyprinus carpio and their ethological changes were evaluated in the present study. The 24, 48, 72 and 96 h LC50 values of TCC to C. carpio were 4.73, 3.95, 3.20(More)
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