Diogo Rizzato Lara

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Guanine-based purines have been traditionally studied as modulators of intracellular processes, mainly G-protein activity. However, they also exert several extracellular effects not related to G proteins, including modulation of glutamatergic activity, trophic effects on neural cells, and behavioral effects. In this article, the putative roles of(More)
In the mammalian CNS, glutamate and GABA are the principal neurotransmitters mediating excitatory and inhibitory synaptic events, respectively, and have been implicated in the neurobiology of seizures. Guanine-based purines, including the nucleoside guanosine and the nucleotide GMP, have been shown to antagonize glutamatergic activity at the receptor level(More)
Studies on the purinergic system normally deal with adenine-based purines, namely, adenine nucleotides and adenosine. However, a guanine-based purinergic system may also have important neuromodulatory roles. Guanine-based purines exert trophic effects on neural cells, protect brain slices in a model of hypoxia and stimulate glutamate uptake. In vivo, both(More)
Neurotrophic factors regulate neuronal development and synaptic plasticity, possibly playing a role in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia and other psychiatric disorders. Decreased brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels have been found in brains and in the serum of schizophrenic patients, but results are inconsistent. Also, clozapine may(More)
1. The effect of guanosine on L-[2,3-3H]glutamate uptake was investigated in brain cortical slices under normal or oxygen–glucose deprivation (OGD) conditions. 2. In slices exposed to physiological conditions, guanosine (1–100 μM) stimulated glutamate uptake (up to 100%) in a concentration-dependent manner when a high (100 μM) but not a low (1 μM)(More)
Intraperitoneal guanosine has been shown to prevent quinolinic acid-induced seizures in mice. In this study, we investigated the effect of orally administered guanosine on seizures induced by the glutamate agonists quinolinic acid and kainate, and the endogenous glutamate releaser alpha-dendrotoxin. Guanosine (7.5 mg/kg, per os), administered 75 min in(More)
Zebrafish (Danio rerio) have emerged as a promising model organism to study development, toxicology, pharmacology, and neuroscience, among other areas. Despite the increasing number of studies using zebrafish, behavioral studies with this species are still elementary when compared to rodents. The aim of this study was to develop a model of unpredictable(More)
Consumption of caffeine, an adenosine receptor antagonist, was found to be inversely associated with the incidence of Alzheimer's disease. Moreover, caffeine protects cultured neurons against beta-amyloid-induced toxicity, an effect mimicked by adenosine A(2A) but not A(1) receptor antagonists. We now tested if caffeine administration would prevent(More)
Guanine-based purines have been shown to modulate the effects of glutamate, which is essential for brain function and mediates excitotoxicity. In the search for a mechanism involving the interaction between purine nucleoside guanosine and glutamate, we found that guanosine dose-dependently, significantly (63%) and potently (EC50 =2.47 microM) enhanced(More)
There is growing interest in zebrafish as a model organism in behavioral pharmacology research. Several anxiety behaviors have been characterized in zebrafish, but the effect of anxiolytic drugs on these parameters has been scarcely studied. The purpose of this work was to assess the predictive validity of acute treatment with anxiolytic drugs on behavioral(More)