Diogo Losch de Oliveira

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Quinolinic acid (QA) has been used as a model for experimental overstimulation of the glutamatergic system. Glutamate uptake is the main mechanism involved in the maintenance of extracellular glutamate below toxic levels. Guanosine systemically administered prevents quinolinic acid-induced seizures in adult mice and increases basal glutamate uptake by(More)
Pentylenetetrazole (PTZ) is a common convulsant agent used in animal models to investigate the mechanisms of seizures. Although adult zebrafish have been recently used to study epileptic seizures, a thorough characterization of the PTZ-induced seizures in this animal model is missing. The goal of this study was to perform a detailed temporal behavior(More)
Taurine (TAU) is an amino sulfonic acid that plays protective roles against neurochemical impairments induced by ethanol (EtOH). Mounting evidence shows the applicability of zebrafish for evaluating locomotor parameters and anxiety-like behavioral phenotypes after EtOH exposure in a large scale manner. In this study, we assess the effects of TAU(More)
The open tank paradigm, also known as novel tank diving test, is a protocol used to evaluate the zebrafish behavior. Several characteristics have been described for this species, including scototaxis, which is the natural preference for dark environments in detriment of bright ones. However, there is no evidence regarding the influence of "natural stimuli"(More)
In the present study we evaluated the effect of acute and chronic homocysteine administrations on glutamate uptake in parietal cortex of rats. The immunocontent of glial glutamate transporter (GLAST) and sodium-dependent glutamate/aspartate transporter (GLT-1) in the same cerebral structure was also investigated. For acute treatment, neonate or young rats(More)
Status epilepticus-induced hippocampal neuronal loss is mainly associated with excitotoxicity induced by increased levels of extracellular glutamate which is normally neutralized by high-affinity uptake mechanism. The energy source for the glutamate uptake is the electrochemical Na(+) gradient maintained by Na(+)/K(+) ATPase pump. In this study, we(More)
It is widely known that a complex interaction between excitatory and inhibitory systems is required to support the adequate functioning of the brain and that significant alterations induced by early protein restriction are complex, involving many systems. Based on such assumptions, we investigated the effects of maternal protein restriction during pregnancy(More)
PURPOSE This study investigated putative correlations among behavioral changes and: (1) neuronal loss, (2) hippocampal mossy fiber sprouting, and (3) reactive astrogliosis in adult rats submitted to early-life LiCl-pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus (SE). METHODS Rats (P15) received LiCl (3 mEq/kg, i.p.) 12-18 h prior pilocarpine (60 mg/kg; s.c.). At(More)
Cadmium (Cd) is a known hepato- and nephrotoxic pollutant and zinc (Zn) metalloproteins are important targets of Cd. Hence, the administration of Zn may mitigate Cd toxic effects. However, the interaction of Cd and Zn has been little investigated in the brain. Previously, we reported a protective effect of Zn on mortality caused by Cd in rats. Here, we(More)
Reactive zinc (Zn) is crucial for neuronal signaling and is largely distributed within presynaptic vesicles of some axon terminals of distinct vertebrates. However, the distribution of reactive Zn throughout the central nervous system (CNS) is not fully explored. We performed a topographical study of CNS structures containing reactive Zn in the adult(More)