Diogo D. P. S. e Silva

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Infection of macaque monkeys with simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) is probably the best animal model currently available for studying acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. In this report, we describe three infectious molecular clones of SIVmac and one of human immunodeficiency virus type 2 (HIV-2) and their use in the study of cell and species specificity,(More)
The prevalence of antibodies to 3 retroviruses in the macaque colony of the New England Regional Primate Research Center (NERPRC) was determined using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay procedures as well as radioimmunoprecipitation-SDS polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and indirect immunofluorescence tests. Out of 848 macaques, 3 (0.35%) had antibodies to(More)
Simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) was isolated from the total peripheral blood mononuclear cell population and the monocyte-macrophage adherent cell population of three seropositive green monkeys originating from Kenya. SIV from these African green monkeys (SIVagm) was isolated and continuously produced with the MOLT-4 clone 8 (M4C18) cell line but not(More)
Herpesvirus saimiri L-DNA sequences between 0.0 and 4.0 map units (4.5 kilobase pairs) are required for oncogenicity; these sequences are not required for replication of the virus. To investigate the basis for the lack of oncogenicity of mutants with deletions in this region and to study the function of this region, we developed a reliable system for in(More)
We have documented rare infection of baboons in their native habitat with simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV). Of 124 sera collected from yellow baboons in central Tanzania, two gave high readings by SIVagm ELISA (greater than 1.0) and moderate by SIVmac ELISA (0.5-1.0). These two sera gave strong reactions to the major SIVagm proteins, including gp130, by(More)
A rhesus monkey housed in the New England Regional Primate Research Center for more than 4 yr died after an illness of 19 da. Clinical signs included central nervous system involvement and ulcers on the labial mucosa. Microscopically, the cause of death was established as multiple cerebral infarction. Lesions characteristic of herpesvirus infections were(More)
Monoclonal antibody SF8/5E11, which recognizes the transmembrane protein (TMP) of simian immunodeficiency virus of macaque monkeys (SIVmac), displayed strict strain specificity. It reacted with cloned and uncloned SIVmac251 but not with cloned SIVmac142 and SIVmac239 on immunoblots. This monoclonal antibody neutralized infection by cloned, cell-free(More)
To determine the past prevalence of HIV-1 and HIV-2 in West Africa, we tested 440 serum samples collected in 1980 from people living in rural areas of Guinea Bissau. The sera were screened for antibodies by enzyme immunoassay (EIA) using purified simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) isolated from rhesus macaque monkeys (SIVmac) and then confirmed by(More)
A strain of herpesvirus saimiri containing a bovine growth hormone (bGH) gene under the control of the simian virus 40 (SV40) late-region promoter was constructed. This strain, bGH-Z20, was replication competent and stably harbored the bGH gene upon serial passage. Nonpermissive marmoset T cells persistently infected with bGH-Z20 produced a 0.9-kilobase RNA(More)