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Intravenous ganciclovir is the standard treatment for cytomegalovirus disease in solid organ transplant recipients. Oral valganciclovir is a more convenient alternative. In a randomized, international trial, recipients with cytomegalovirus disease were treated with either 900 mg oral valganciclovir or 5 mg/kg i.v. ganciclovir twice daily for 21 days,(More)
Brain abscesses can be caused by bacteria, fungi, and parasites. Among bacteria, anaerobic organisms include the Bacteroides species group, Fusobacterium, Peptostreptococcus, and Propionibacterium. In these cases, a 4-week course of parenteral penicillin/cefalosporin and metronidazole is the standard of treatment. We describe a case of brain abscess(More)
Human cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection represents a major threat for heart transplant recipients (HTXs). CMV-specific T cells effectively control virus infection, and thus, assessment of antiviral immune recovery may have clinical utility in identifying HTXs at risk of infection. In this study, 10 CMV-seropositive (R(+)) pretransplant patients and 48(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Approximately 15% of patients with cancer will experience a thrombotic episode at some time. Some patients are at particularly high risk depending on the histology of the malignant disease. The aim of the study was to determine the actual prevalence of thrombotic episodes in oncohematologic patients. DESIGN AND METHODS We(More)
Leuconostoc species are members of the Streptococcacae family. They are generally regarded as non-pathogenic culture contaminants and are thought to be an uncommon cause of infection. We present a study of a case-cluster nosocomial infection due to Leuconostoc spp. Three patients were hospitalized at the time of the infection with significant underlying(More)
BACKGROUND Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection of solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients causes both ''direct'' and ''indirect'' effects including allograft rejection, decreased graft and patient survival, and predisposition to opportunistic infections and malignancies. Options for CMV prevention include pre-emptive therapy, whereby anti-CMV agents are(More)
Ascitic fluid reinfusion in severe cirrhosis has frequently been associated with intravascular coagulation (DIC). A low-grade DIC has been postulated to be present in liver cirrhosis. PT, APTT, fibrinogen, plasminogen, antiplasmin, fibrin degradation producers (FDP), euglobulin lysis time, tissue plasminogen activator, and fibrinopeptide A were investigated(More)
Few studies have been performed on the prevalence of Torque Teno Virus (TTV) infection in liver transplant (LT) recipients. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence, viremia and genogroup pattern of TTV among LT patients and to ascertain whether TTV causes liver damage in liver transplanted patients with biochemical and histological changes of(More)
We describe the dynamics of Zika virus (ZIKV) infection in a man in his early 40s who developed fever and rash after returning from Haiti to Italy, in January 2016. Follow-up laboratory testing demonstrated detectable ZIKV RNA in plasma up to day 9 after symptom onset and in urine and saliva up to days 15 and 47, respectively. Notably, persistent shedding(More)
Synercid (quinupristin/dalfopristin), the first semi-synthetic injectable streptogramin, is a promising alternative to glycopeptides against many Gram-positive multiresistant bacteria. Vancomycin is still considered an effective agent for the treatment of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections but therapeutic failures with(More)