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Keywords: Impinging jets Enhanced heat transfer Thermal management of electronic and optical components a b s t r a c t Recent technological developments have lead to significant increase in the generated heat by electronic and optical components. The removal of high heat fluxes can be successfully treated by several methods, e.g. impinging jets. Further(More)
A quantitative analysis of 137Cs bioavailability in forest soils in the long term after the Chernobyl NPP accident based on a 3-year (1996-1998) investigation is presented. Five forest sites with different trees, composition and properties of soil were studied to identify factors determining radiocaesium transfer to different understory species. The(More)
The distributions of 137Cs among annual rings of Pinus sylvestris and Betula pendula at four experimental sites located in the most contaminated areas in the Russian territory after the Chernobyl accident in 1986 were studied. Trees of different ages were sampled from four forest sites with different tree compositions and soil properties. The data analysis(More)
The actual condition of vegetation cover is represented by its spectral signature. Photosynthetic active vegetation is characterized by a low reflectance in the red and a high reflectance in the near infrared spectra. This specific feature is used to calculate different vegetation indices. One index is the MERIS Global Vegetation Index (MGVI), the other one(More)
The structure of hard, hyperspherical fluids in dimension one, two, three, four, and five has been examined by calculating the pair correlation function using a Monte Carlo simulation. The pair correlation functions match known results in one, two, and three dimensions. The contact value of the pair correlation functions in all the different dimensions(More)
On five forests plots varying in species composition of woody plants and soil properties, 137Cs vertical distribution and 137Cs forms occurring in different horizons of forest soils have been studied. It was found that bulk 137Cs and contents of physico-chemical forms of this radionuclide in different horizons of forest soils vary considerably within both(More)
The regularities of 137Cs distribution in trees (Pinus sylvestris and Betula pendula) growing in different types of forest ecosystems were investigated. High levels of heterogeneity of 137Cs activity concentrations in different parts of the trees, resulting from their varied metabolism have been shown. The data obtained demonstrate a non-uniform character(More)