Dinko Žiher

Learn More
Novel classes of antimalarial drugs are needed due to emerging drug resistance. Azithromycin, the first macrolide investigated for malaria treatment and prophylaxis, failed as a single agent and thus novel analogues were envisaged as the next generation with improved activity. We synthesized 42 new 9a-N substituted 15-membered azalides with amide and amine(More)
A series of 15-membered azalide urea and thiourea derivatives has been synthesized and evaluated for their in vitro antimalarial activity against chloroquine-sensitive (D6), chloroquine/pyremethamine resistant (W2) and multidrug resistant (TM91C235) strains of Plasmodium falciparum. We have developed an effective automated synthetic strategy for the rapid(More)
Azithromycin, a first member of the azalide family of macrolides, while having substantial antimalarial activity, failed as a single agent for malaria prophylaxis. In this paper we present the first analogue campaign to identify more potent compounds from this class. Ureas and thioureas of 15-membered azalides, N''-substituted(More)
Macrolides are stereospecific macrolactones of high molecular weights. Herein, 600 mostly semisynthetic macrolides are compared with 50,000 small non-macrolide synthetic molecules in terms of measured physicochemical properties in order to assess the drug-likeness and developability chances of macrolides. The pre-selected set of diverse macrolides is(More)
Enantiomers of ethopropazine x HCl (10-(2-diethylaminopropyl)phenothiazine hydrochloride) were prepared by fractional crystallization of diastereomeric dibenzoyltartaric acid salts, and their optical purity (enantiomeric excess, ee) determined by HPLC on Chiralcel OJ column. With a solvent mixture n-hexane/t-butanol/triethylamine (100:3:0.5) as eluent a(More)
Three novel spiroketals were prepared by a one-pot transformation of 6-O-methyl-9(E)-hydroxyiminoerythronolide A. We present the formation of a [4.5]spiroketal moiety within the macrolide lactone ring, but also the unexpected formation of a 10-C=11-C double bond and spontaneous change of stereochemistry at position 8-C. As a result, a thermodynamically(More)
A conformational study of branimycin was performed using single-crystal X-ray crystallography to characterize the solid-state form, while a combination of NMR spectroscopy and molecular modeling was employed to gain information about the solution structure. Comparison of the crystal structure with its solution counterpart showed no significant differences(More)
  • 1