Dinh San Nguyen

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OBJECTIVE This study investigated whether time-dependent artemisinin pharmacokinetics correlated to CYP3A4 or CYP2C19 activity in vivo. METHODS Artemisinin (two oral doses per day of 250 mg) was given to nine healthy Vietnamese subjects for 7 days (day 1 to day 7). Single 20 mg doses of omeprazole were given orally on day -7, day 1, and day 7. Single(More)
Eight healthy male, Vietnamese subjects were administered 1 x 250, 2 x 250, and 4 x 250 mg artemisinin capsules in a cross-over design with randomized sequence with a 7-day washout period between administrations. The inter-individual variability in artemisinin pharmacokinetics was large with parameter coefficient of variation (CV) typically between 50-70%.(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare parasite clearance times after oral and rectal administration of artemisinin in adults with uncomplicated malaria and to relate pharmacodynamics with artemisinin kinetics and to disclose any pharmacokinetic changes during treatment. METHODS Thirty male Vietnamese patients with falciparum malaria were randomized to treatment with 500(More)
Pyrimethamine and cycloguanil resistance of Plasmodium falciparum has been linked to mutations in the dihydrofolate reductase (dhfr) portion of the dhfr-ts gene. In this paper, the DNA sequence of the dhfr-ts gene of 50 isolates from Vietnam and 2 clones (T9/94 and T9/96) isolated from a malaria patient from Thailand have been analyzed. A comparison between(More)
In this study, 638 patients with either Plasmodium falciparum or P. vivax malaria were treated with artemisinin (qinghaosu) that was isolated and formulated into tablets and capsules in Vietnam. In all cases, artemisinin treatment resulted in a rapid clearance of parasitemia and fever. Recrudescence rates were highest in those groups receiving treatment for(More)
Quantitative scalp EEG from 32 channels and the cerebral glucose metabolic rate from the 32 underlying cortical positions as assessed by positron emission tomography (PET) with 18F-2-deoxyglucose (FDG) were obtained on 36 patients with mild to moderate senile dementia of the Alzheimer type and 17 age- and sex-matched normal control subjects. Subjects(More)
The reversing action of verapamil on the effect of chloroquine was found in in vivo experiments by using a model P. berghei resistant to chloroquine, an LNK65 isolate having a naturally lower resistance to the agent, and its polyresistant strain with the acquired resistance to chloroquine and fansidar, as well as by employing the chlorine-resistant P.(More)
Changes in the level of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and activity of peroxidases towards phenolic substrates (EC 1.11.1.7) such as pyrogallol (PPX), syringaldazine (SPX) and guaiacol (GPX), and cytosolic ascorbate peroxidase (cAPX, EC 1.11.1.11) in response to infestation of cowpea aphid (Aphis craccivora Koch) were analyzed in soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.(More)
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