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The kinetics of the activation of Glu-plasminogen and Lys-plasminogen (P) by a two-chain form of human tissue plasminogen activator (A) were studied in purified systems, and in the presence of fibrinogen (f) and of fibrin films (F) of increasing size and surface density. The activation in the purified systems followed Michaelis-Menten kinetics with a(More)
During thrombolytic therapy, patients are treated with a plasminogen activator in order to stimulate the fibrinolytic system by converting the precursor plasminogen into the active enzyme plasmin. The fibrinolytic process can be divided into two phases. In the first phase, plasminogen binds to intact fibrin and initial fibrinolysis takes place. As a result,(More)
Circadian fluctuation in blood fibrinolytic activity was studied in 10 volunteers in the day-time period at 09.00, 12.00 and 15.00 h. Activity of tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) was found to increase from 09.00 to 15.00 h in accordance with known results with global assays of blood activity. Also, activity and antigen of plasminogen activator(More)
Endothelial cells from human umbilical cord were cultured to study plasminogen activator synthesis and secretion. Since simultaneous production of plasminogen activator inhibitor(s) prevented detection of plasminogen activators by use of fibrinolytic assays, an enzyme immunoassay for tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) was developed. In this assay,(More)
BACKGROUND Binding of plasminogen to partially degraded fibrin is an important step in fibrinolysis, influencing its rate and fibrin specificity. Little is known about the spatial distribution of plasminogen and of plasminogen-binding sites inside thrombi during lysis. In the present study, we investigated this problem, which is important for a better(More)
This mini-review deals with structure-function relationships of human tissue-type plasminogen activator. The enzyme consists of a single polypeptide chain of 527 amino acids. A two-chain form is produced by proteolytic cleavage of the Arg 275-Ile 276 peptide bond. The aminoterminal heavy or A-chain consists of a finger domain, a growth factor domain and two(More)
In Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS), thrombosis develops in the hepatic veins or inferior vena cava. To study the relationship between hypofibrinolysis and BCS, we measured plasma levels of fibrinolysis proteins in 101 BCS patients and 101 healthy controls and performed a plasma-based clot lysis assay. In BCS patients, plasminogen activator inhibitor 1 (PAI-1)(More)
Although this chapter does not represent a historical review, it will be clear how the biochemistry of t-PA, u-PA, PAI-1 and PAI-2 has evolved and where we stand in 1994. While the functional activities of the proteins were recognized at least three to four decades ago, highly purified preparations became available around 1980. In the mid-eighties the cDNAs(More)
Staphylokinase (STA), a protein of bacterial origin, induces highly fibrin-specific thrombolysis both in human plasma in vitro and in pilot clinical trials. Using fluorescence microscopy, we investigated the spatial distribution of fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC)-labeled STA during lysis of a plasma clot and its binding to purified fibrin clots in the(More)
Pharmacokinetics and systemic effects of recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA) were studied in 18 healthy male volunteers after 30-minute intravenous infusions of placebo, 0.25 mg/kg rt-PA, and 0.5 mg/kg rt-PA. Highly comparable pharmacokinetic parameters were obtained after analysis of rt-PA as both an antigen and an activity. Mean(More)