Ding-ding Zhang

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Inflammatory response plays an important role in the pathogenesis of secondary damage after traumatic brain injury (TBI). The inflammasome is a multiprotein complex involved in innate immunity and a number of studies have suggested that the inflammasome plays a critical role in a host inflammatory signaling. Nucleotide-binding domain, leucine-rich repeat,(More)
Despite numerous researches and improvements in the past few years, the precise mechanisms underlying secondary brain injury after trauma remain obscure. Iron is essential for almost all types of cells, including nerve cells. However, excess of iron has been proved to contribute to the brain injury following trauma in animal models. As a key iron-handling(More)
A wealth of evidence has shown that microglia-associated neuro-inflammation is involved in the secondary brain injury contributed to the poor outcome after traumatic brain injury (TBI). In vitro studies were reported that activation of metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5) could inhibit the microglia-associated inflammation in response to(More)
Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) functions as a key regulator in the central nervous system and regulates the inflammatory pathway. There are two peaks of cerebral NF-κB activation after neonatal hypoxia–ischemia and subarachnoid hemorrhage. Our previous studies found that NF-κB activity was up-regulated at an early stage and remained elevated at day 7 after(More)
The ERK and PI3K signaling cascades are aberrantly activated in human glioblastoma cells, resulting in the dysregulation of numerous downstream transcription factors. The dark side of the transcription factor, NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) in human cancer has been revealed. It has been accepted that high levels of Nrf2 promote tumor progression. In the(More)
SUMO-specific proteases 3 (SENP3) is a member of the small ubiquitin-like modifier-specific protease family and deconjugates SUMO2/3 from protein substrates. To date, the expression and function of SENP3 in traumatic brain injury (TBI) are unclear. The present study examined dynamic changes in SENP3 expression in the cerebral cortex and in its cellular(More)
This paper presents novel bandpass filters by using a triple-mode dielectric resonator (DR) implemented in a substrate integrated waveguide (SIW). The resonant frequency and unloaded Q-factor of the DR were first calculated and simulated by Ansoft HFSS. The dimensions of the DR were then determined. A single triple-mode SIW loaded with a DR filter with(More)
Patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing 3 (PNPLA3 or adiponutrin) displays anabolic and catabolic activities in lipid metabolism, and has been reported to be significantly associated with liver fat content. Various studies have established a strong link between the 148 isoleucine to methionine protein variant (I148M) of PNPLA3 and liver diseases,(More)
Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is a threatening and devastating neurological insult with high mortality and morbidity rates. Despite considerable efforts, the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms are still poorly understood. The receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) is a multiligand receptor that has been implicated in various pathological(More)
Myeloid differentiation factor 88(MyD88) is an endogenous adaptor protein that plays an important role in coordinating intracellular inflammatory responses induced by agonists of the Toll-like receptor and interleukin-1 receptor families. MyD88 has been reported to be essential for neuronal death in animal models and may represent a therapeutic target for(More)