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A key process during vertebrate heart development is the migration of bilateral populations of myocardial precursors towards the midline to form the primitive heart tube. In zebrafish, signaling mediated by sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) and its cognate G protein-coupled receptor (S1pr2/Mil) is essential for myocardial migration, but the underlying(More)
Formation of the heart tube requires synchronized migration of endocardial and myocardial precursors. Our previous studies indicated that in S1pr2/Gα13-deficient embryos, impaired endoderm convergence disrupted the medial migration of myocardial precursors, resulting in the formation of two myocardial populations. Here we show that endoderm convergence also(More)
Coordination between the endoderm and adjacent cardiac mesoderm is crucial for heart development. We previously showed that myocardial migration is promoted by convergent movement of the endoderm, which itself is controlled by the S1pr2/Gα13 signaling pathway, but it remains unclear how the movements of the two tissues is coordinated. Here, we image live(More)
Heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide-binding regulatory proteins (G proteins) function as signal transducers and control many different physiologic processes. G proteins can be grouped into four families: Gs, Gi, Gq and G12. Gα13 belongs to the G12 family. In zebrafish, there are two isoforms of Gα13: Gα13a and Gα13b. We show here that knockdown of Gα13b in(More)
The formation and maintenance of cell-cell junctions, both under physiological and pathological conditions, requires the targeting and trafficking of junctional proteins. Proteins of the syntaxin (Stx)-family localize to a variety of subcellular membranes and contribute to intracellular transport of cargo by regulating vesicle fusion events at these sites.(More)
Nanos genes were required for differentiation of the anterior-posterior body axis in the Drosophila embryo. In addition to this somatic function, the nanos protein plays critical roles in the migration and survival of PGCs in vertebrates and invertebrates, but the regulating mechanisms of Nanos is largely undefined during the embyro development. In this(More)
The vasa (vas)-related gene encodes an RNA helicase protein member of the DEAD-box family and plays key roles in germ-cell formation in higher metazoans. Using degenerate PCR and RACE, we cloned the vasa gene of the rice field eel (Monopterus albus), which is homologous to the Drosophila vasa gene. We named it ma-vas (Monopterus albus vas). Ma-vas encodes a(More)
Collective cell migration is critical for normal development, tissue repair and cancer metastasis. Migration of the posterior lateral line primordium (pLLP) generates the zebrafish sensory organs (neuromasts, NMs). This migration is promoted by the leader cells at the leading edge of the pLLP, which express the G protein-coupled chemokine receptor Cxcr4b(More)
Nanog is a homeodomain transcription factor that plays a prominent role in maintaining the pluripotency and self-renewal capacity of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) in mammals. Medaka Nanog is necessary for S-phase transition and proliferation during embryonic development. However, whether Nanog regulates the proliferation of primordial germ cells (PGCs) during(More)