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The authors developed and tested a method for the noninvasive quantification of the cerebral metabolic rate for glucose (CMRglc) using positron emission tomography (PET), 18F-fluoro-2-deoxyglucose, the Patlak method, and an image-derived input function. Dynamic PET data acquired 12 to 48 seconds after rapid tracer injection were summed to identify carotid(More)
In tracer kinetic modeling with Positron Emission Tomography (PET), the direct measurement (piecewise linear approximation) of plasma time-activity curve of tracer (PTAC) is often used as the input function to estimate regional physiological parameters. However, no explicit general model is available for PTAC itself, which limits the further study of the(More)
This study investigated the effects of constant and cyclic heat stress on muscle metabolism and meat quality of broiler breast fillet and thigh meat from 4 to 6 wk of age. Male Arbor Acres (AA) broilers (n = 270, 4 wk old) were raised under different temperature conditions: standard (temperature was 23°C); constant high temperature (temperature was 34°C);(More)
A new double modeling approach for dynamic cardiac studies with positron emission tomography (PET) to estimate physiological parameters is proposed. This approach is exemplified by tracer fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) studies and estimation of myocardial metabolic rate of glucose (MMRGlc). A separate input function model characterising the tracer kinetics in(More)
We have estimated the cerebral protein synthesis rates (CPSR) in a series of normal human volunteers and monkeys using L-[1-11C]leucine and positron emission tomography (PET) using a three-compartment model. The model structure, consisting of a tissue precursor, metabolite, and protein compartment, was validated with biochemical assay data obtained in rat(More)
BACKGROUND Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are a leading cause of morbidity in developed countries and represent a substantial burden on health-care resources. Many countries spent 15% to 20% of their hospital budgets to treat drug complications. However, few studies have measured the pharmacoeconomic effects of ADRs on hospitalized patients in China. The(More)
In this paper, we developed and tested strategies for estimating myocardial blood flow (MBF) and generating MBF parametric images using positron emission tomography (PET), N-13 ammonia, and the generalized linear least square (GLLS) method. GLLS was generalized to the general linear compartment model, modified for the correction of spillover, validated(More)
Beta-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate (HMB), the metabolite of leucine, plays an important role in muscle protein metabolism. To investigate the effect of dietary HMB calcium (HMB-Ca) on growth performance, breast muscle development, and serum parameters in broiler chickens, a total of two hundred seventy 1-d-old Arbor Acres male broiler chicks were randomly(More)
AIM To study the effect of phosphorylation of MAPK and Stat3 and the expression of c-fos and c-jun proteins on hepatocellular carcinogenesis and their clinical significance. METHODS SP immunohistochemistry was used to detect the expression of p42/44(MAPK), p-Stat3, c-fos and c-jun proteins in 55 hepatocellular carcinomas (HCC) and their surrounding liver(More)