Ding Ding An

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In patients with diabetes, an increased risk of symptomatic heart failure usually develops in the presence of hypertension or ischemic heart disease. However, a predisposition to heart failure might also reflect the effects of underlying abnormalities in diastolic function that can occur in asymptomatic patients with diabetes alone (termed diabetic(More)
TBC1D1 (tre-2/USP6, BUB2, cdc16 domain family member 1) is a Rab-GAP (GTPase-activating protein) that is highly expressed in skeletal muscle, but little is known about TBC1D1 regulation and function. We studied TBC1D1 phosphorylation on three predicted AMPK (AMP-activated protein kinase) phosphorylation sites (Ser231, Ser660 and Ser700) and one predicted(More)
OBJECTIVE TBC1D1 is a member of the TBC1 Rab-GTPase family of proteins and is highly expressed in skeletal muscle. Insulin and contraction increase TBC1D1 phosphorylation on phospho-Akt substrate motifs (PASs), but the function of TBC1D1 in muscle is not known. Genetic linkage analyses show a TBC1D1 R125W missense variant confers risk for severe obesity in(More)
Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is known to function in the dissipation of chemical energy in response to cold or excess feeding, and also has the capacity to modulate energy balance. To test the hypothesis that BAT is fundamental to the regulation of glucose homeostasis, we transplanted BAT from male donor mice into the visceral cavity of age- and sex-matched(More)
Glucocorticoids impair insulin sensitivity. Because insulin resistance is closely linked to increased incidence of cardiovascular diseases and given that metabolic abnormalities have been linked to initiation of heart failure, we examined the acute effects of dexamethasone (DEX) on rat cardiac metabolism. Although injection of DEX for 4 h was not associated(More)
Quorum-sensing (QS) systems allow organisms, such as the pathogen Pseudomonas aeruginosa, to link gene expression with their population density and the diffusion and flow characteristics of their environment. The leading hypotheses about QS systems' biological functions necessitate that QS-controlled gene expression be suppressed until a threshold culture(More)
The Akt substrate of 160 kDa (AS160) is phosphorylated on Akt substrate (PAS) motifs in response to insulin and contraction in skeletal muscle, regulating glucose uptake. Here we discovered a dissociation between AS160 protein expression and apparent AS160 PAS phosphorylation among soleus, tibialis anterior, and extensor digitorum longus muscles.(More)
Oxidative stress due to excessive reactive oxygen species (ROS) and depleted antioxidants such as glutathione (GSH) can give rise to apoptotic cell death in acutely diabetic hearts and lead to heart disease. At present, the source of these cardiac ROS or the subcellular site of cardiac GSH loss [i.e., cytosolic (cGSH) or mitochondrial (mGSH) GSH] has not(More)
TBC1D4 (also known as AS160) regulates glucose transporter 4 (GLUT4) translocation and glucose uptake in adipocytes and skeletal muscle. Its mode of action involves phosphorylation of serine (S)/threonine (T) residues by upstream kinases resulting in inactivation of Rab-GTPase-activating protein (Rab-GAP) activity leading to GLUT4 mobilization. The majority(More)
Diabetic patients are particularly susceptible to cardiomyopathy independent of vascular disease, and recent evidence implicates cell death as a contributing factor. Given its protective role against apoptosis, we hypothesized that dietary n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) may well decrease the incidence of this mode of cardiac cell death after(More)