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A new inventory of air pollutant emissions in Asia in the year 2006 is developed to support the Intercon-tinental Chemical Transport Experiment-Phase B (INTEX-B) funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Emissions are estimated for all major anthropogenic sources, excluding biomass burning. We estimate total Asian anthropogenic(More)
An updated version of the nested-grid GEOS-Chem model is developed allowing for higher horizontal (0.5 • ×0.667 •) resolution as compared to global models. CO transport over a heavily polluted region, the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei (BTH) city cluster in China, and the pattern of outflow from East China in summertime are investigated. Comparison of the(More)
We examine the representational capabilities of first-order and second-order single-layer recurrent neural networks (SLRNN's) with hard-limiting neurons. We show that a second-order SLRNN is strictly more powerful than a first-order SLRNN. However, if the first-order SLRNN is augmented with output layers of feedforward neurons, it can implement any(More)
Examples are given which prove the ICARUS detector quality through relevant physics measurements. We study the µ decay energy spectrum from a sample of stopping µ events acquired during a also at IFSI del CNR, sezione presso LNF. 234 The ICARUS Collaboration: Measurement of the µ decay spectrum with the ICARUS liquid Argon TPC the test run of the ICARUS(More)
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions This discussion paper is/has been under review for the journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP). Please refer to the corresponding final paper in ACP if available. Abstract A new inventory of air pollutant emissions in Asia in the year 2006 is developed to support the Intercontinental Chemical Transport(More)
increases in both the number of apparent IP states and the observed complexity class of the system [22]. In other words, the recurrent network states are not IP states in of themselves; they require an appropriate context which can elevate them to IP-hood. This context consists of a set of input sequences and an observation method for generating outputs.(More)
BACKGROUND The periplasmic High Temperature Requirement protein A (HtrA) plays important roles in bacterial protein folding and stress responses. However, the role of chlamydial HtrA (cHtrA) in chlamydial pathogenesis is not clear. RESULTS The cHtrA was detected both inside and outside the chlamydial inclusions. The detection was specific since both(More)
The chlamydial protease/proteasome-like activity factor (CPAF) is secreted into the host cytosol to degrade various host factors that benefit chlamydial intracellular survival. Although the full-length CPAF is predicted to contain a putative signal peptide at its N terminus, the secretion pathway of CPAF is still unknown. Here, we have provided experimental(More)
Madecassoside, a triterpenoid derivative isolated from Centella asiatica, exhibits anti-inflammatory and antioxidant activities. We investigated its neuroprotective effect against ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in cerebral neurons in male Sprague-Dawley rats. Madecassoside (6, 12, or 24mg/kg, i.v.) was administered 1h after the start of reperfusion, and(More)