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The brain is assumed to be hypoactive during cardiac arrest. However, the neurophysiological state of the brain immediately following cardiac arrest has not been systematically investigated. In this study, we performed continuous electroencephalography in rats undergoing experimental cardiac arrest and analyzed changes in power density, coherence, directed(More)
BACKGROUND Significant advances have been made in our understanding of subcortical processes related to anesthetic- and sleep-induced unconsciousness, but the associated changes in cortical connectivity and cortical neurochemistry have yet to be fully clarified. METHODS Male Sprague-Dawley rats were instrumented for simultaneous measurement of cortical(More)
BACKGROUND There is limited understanding of cortical neurochemistry and cortical connectivity during ketamine anaesthesia. We conducted a systematic study to investigate the effects of ketamine on cortical acetylcholine (ACh) and electroencephalographic coherence. METHODS Male Sprague-Dawley rats (n=11) were implanted with electrodes to record(More)
BACKGROUND Prolonged propofol administration does not result in signs of sleep deprivation, and propofol anesthesia appears to satisfy the homeostatic need for both rapid eye movement (REM) and non-REM (NREM) sleep. In the current study, the effects of sevoflurane on recovery from total sleep deprivation were investigated. METHODS Ten male rats were(More)
In the past decades there has been an increasing focus on the relationship of sleep and anesthesia. This relationship bears on the fundamental scientific questions in anesthesiology, such as the mechanism of anesthetic-induced unconsciousness. However, given the increasing prevalence of sleep disorders in surgical patients, the interfaces of sleep and(More)
Nav1.6 is a major voltage-gated sodium channel in the central and peripheral nervous systems. Within neurons, the channel protein is concentrated at the axon initial segment and nodes of Ranvier, where it functions in initiation and propagation of action potentials. We examined the role of Nav1.6 in general anesthesia using two mouse mutants with reduced(More)
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