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Titration of a series of C(18) fatty acids yields pK(a) values that decrease with an increasing degree of unsaturation in the fatty acid chain. The pK(a) values of stearic, elaidic, oleic, linoleic, and linolenic acids were studied and compared to values of area per molecule in a spread monolayer of these acids. The decrease in pK(a) was found to relate to(More)
BACKGROUND Chagas disease is caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, a protozoan parasite that can be transmitted by transfusion. The diagnosis of chronic T. cruzi infection is generally made by detecting specific antibodies that bind to parasite antigens. The aim of this study was to assess the sensitivity and specificity of a new serologic assay for antibodies to T.(More)
The association of poliovirus with membrane filters results from both electrostatic and hydrophobic interactions. At low pH, electrostatic interactions appear to dominate. However, at high pH, hydrophobic interactions appear to dominate with both Millipore and Zeta plus filters. With both filters, viral elution was prevented at high pH by the presence of(More)
domain (head) of the surfactant influence the cmc. The two Relationships between the molecular structure and the critical contributions are counteracting, with a lower cmc for a larger micelle concentration (cmc) of anionic surfactants were investi-hydrophobic domain and a higher cmc for a larger hydro-gated using a quantitative structure–property(More)
Microemulsions are excellent candidates as potential drug delivery systems because of their improved drug solubilization, long shelf life, and ease of preparation and administration. The formulation of microemulsions for pharmaceutical use requires a thorough understanding of the properties, uses, and limitations of microemulsions. Three distinct(More)
Because of its ability to create structures of nanoscale dimension with large aggregate particle surface area-to-volume ratios, nanotechnology offers new opportunities to treat drug poisonings. Emulsion-based nanoparticles (diameter: 118.4 nm) extracted bupivacaine from the aqueous phase in a physiological salt solution and attenuated the drug's(More)
Proton nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy shows that the free aldehyde and not the hydrate of N-acetyl-DL-p-fluorophenylalaninal binds to alpha-chymotrypsin. A proton NMR cross-saturation experiment shows that the initial noncovalent complex is in equilibrium with a hemiacetal formed between the aldehyde and the active site serine residue.(More)
We present a methodology to quantitatively determine the fraction of sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) that partitions to the oil/water interface in oil-in-water macroemulsions and calculate the total interfacial area (TIA) through the novel use of filtration through nanoporous membranes. Ultrafiltration was carried out in centrifuge tubes having nanoporous(More)
BACKGROUND Currently, the detection of HCV infection in blood donors relies on the ability of immunoassays to detect circulating HCV antibodies. However, a significant delay exists between the time of infection and the development of antibodies. This delay (window period) can last up to 70 days. The introduction of NAT for the detection of HCV RNA has(More)
The diagnosis of chronic Chagas' disease is generally made by detecting antibodies to Trypanosoma cruzi. Most conventional serological tests are based on lysates of whole parasites or semipurified antigen fractions from T. cruzi epimastigotes grown in culture. The occurrence of inconclusive and false-positive results has been a persistent problem with the(More)