Dinesh Mohanakrishnan

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We have examined the antimalarial structure-activity relationship of a series of methoxylated chalcones (A-CHCH-CO-B) against Plasmodium falciparum (3D7 strain) using fluorescence-based SYBR Green assay. Our study has revealed that electron releasing methoxy groups on ring A and electron withdrawing groups on ring B increases antimalarial potency while the(More)
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE An ethnopharmacological investigation of medicinal plants traditionally used to treat diseases associated with fevers in Dharmapuri region of South India was undertaken. Twenty four plants were identified and evaluated for their in vitro activity against Plasmodium falciparum and assessed for cytotoxicity against HeLa cell(More)
The emergence and spread of Plasmodium falciparum with resistance to chloroquine (CQ), the safest and cheapest anti-malarial drug, coupled with the increasing cost of alternative drugs especially in developing countries have necessitated the urgent need to tap the potential of plants for novel anti-malarials. The present study investigates the anti-malarial(More)
Malaria caused by the protozoan parasite Plasmodium falciparum, is a major health problem of the developing world. In the present study medicinal plants from Eastern Ghats of South India have been extracted with ethyl acetate and assayed for growth inhibition of asexual erythrocytic stages of chloroquine (CQ)-sensitive (3D7) and (CQ)-resistant (INDO)(More)
The absence of a vaccine and the rampant resistance to almost all antimalarial drugs have accentuated the urgent need for new antimalarial drugs and drug targets for both prophylaxis and chemotherapy. The aim of the study was to discover effective plant extracts against Plasmodium falciparum. In the present study, the hexane, chloroform, ethyl acetate,(More)
Novel stilbene-chalcone (S-C) hybrids were synthesized via a sequential Claisen-Schmidt-Knoevenagel-Heck approach and evaluated for antiplasmodial activity in in vitro red cell culture using SYBR Green I assay. The most potent hybrid (11) showed IC(50) of 2.2, 1.4, and 6.4 μM against 3D7 (chloroquine sensitive), Indo, and Dd2 (chloroquine resistant) strains(More)
A new one-pot strategy has been developed, wherein abundantly available methoxylated phenylpropenes are directly transformed into corresponding dienones (1,5-diarylpenta-2,4-dien-1-ones) and enones (chalcones and cinnamic esters) via allylic oxidation-condensation or allylic oxidation-esterification sequences. Preliminary antimalarial activity studies of(More)
BACKGROUND The alarmingly increasing problem of drug resistance in treatment of malaria has led to an urgent need for identifying new anti-malarial drugs for both prophylaxis and chemotherapy. AIM OF THE STUDY The present study presents a systematic exploration of the ex vivo blood stage antiplasmodial potential of medicinal plants to corroborate their(More)
The in vitro blood stage antiplasmodial activity of a series of allylated chalcones based on the licochalcone A as lead molecule was investigated against chloroquine (CQ) sensitive Pf3D7 and CQ resistant PfINDO strains of Plasmodium falciparum using SYBR Green I assay. Of the forty two chalcones tested, eight showed IC50 ≤ 5 μM. Structure-activity(More)
CONTEXT Zea mays L. (Poacae) husk decoctions are traditionally used in the treatment of malaria by various tribes in Nigeria. OBJECTIVE To assess the antimalarial and antiplasmodial potentials of the husk extract and fractions on malaria parasites using in vivo and in vitro models. MATERIALS AND METHODS The ethanol husk extract and fractions (187-748(More)