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On the basis of cross-sectional studies, it has been proposed that hepatic steatosis is a cytopathic effect of hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 3 but not genotype 1 infections. We tested this hypothesis by examining whether antiviral treatment altered hepatic steatosis in chronic hepatitis C. In 28 patients with genotype 1 and 34 with genotype 3 HCV, we(More)
We studied 100 patients who had undergone endoprosthetic replacement of the proximal humerus between 1976 and 1998. The outcome was assessed with regard to the survivorship of the patients, the salvaged limbs and the prostheses. Function was determined in the 47 surviving patients, of whom 30 were assessed using the Musculo-Skeletal Tumour Society (MSTS)(More)
BACKGROUND The development of treatment modalities for rectal cancer, including local excision, total mesorectal excision and preoperative radiotherapy, has increased the importance of accurate preoperative staging to allow the optimum treatment to be selected. METHODS A literature review was undertaken of methods of preoperative staging of rectal(More)
Current knowledge about adriamycin cardiomyopathy indicates that the major cause of this condition is increased oxidative stress although the drug's antitumor action in patients may involve other mechanisms. Controversies about the different antioxidants in preventing cardiomyopathy likely stem from the fact that antioxidants must be effective in both the(More)
The dose-dependent cardiomyopathy and heart failure due to adriamycin have been shown to be due to increased oxidative stress and loss of myocytes. We examined the incidence of myocardial apoptosis as well as changes in the expression of apoptotic regulatory gene products in an established animal model of adriamycin cardiomyopathy. Rats were treated with(More)
The clinicopathologic findings in five patients with primary low-grade B-cell lymphoma of the intracranial dura are described. All patients were women, 40-62 years of age, who presented with focal neurologic symptoms. Radiologic studies showed a well-localized dural mass in each case, raising a preoperative diagnosis of meningioma. Cytologically these were(More)
Although researchers in radiation and cancer biology have known about the existence of free radicals and their potential role in pathobiology for several decades, cardiac biologists only began to take notice of these noxious species in the 1970s. Exponential growth of free radical research occurred after the discovery of superoxide dismutase in 1969. This(More)
Prostate cancer stem cells (CSCs) are defined by their extensive self-renewal, differentiation and tumor initiation properties. It is now clear that CSCs are involved in tumor growth and recurrence, and resistance to conventional treatments. The sonic hedgehog (Shh) pathway has a crucial role in stemness and tumorigenesis. Thus, the strategy that suppresses(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity is increasingly being recognized as a risk factor for a number of benign and malignant gastrointestinal conditions. However, literature on the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms is sparse and ambiguous. Insulin resistance is the most widely accepted link between obesity and disease, particularly colorectal cancer. The recognition(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the feasibility of a new technique of primary overlap anal sphincter repair instead of end-to-end repair. SETTING A teaching hospital and a district general hospital. METHODS Between June 1995 and November 1996, two obstetricians repaired 32 anal sphincters ruptured during vaginal delivery. A ruptured internal sphincter was(More)