Dinara Shakiryanova

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Although it has been postulated that vesicle mobility is increased to enhance release of transmitters and neuropeptides, the mechanism responsible for increasing vesicle motion in nerve terminals and the effect of perturbing this mobilization on synaptic plasticity are unknown. Here, green fluorescent protein-tagged dense-core vesicles (DCVs) are imaged in(More)
Despite the importance of neuropeptide release, which is evoked by long bouts of action potential activity and which regulates behavior, peptidergic vesicle movement has not been examined in living nerve terminals. Previous in vitro studies have found that secretory vesicle motion at many sites of release is constitutive: Ca(2+) does not affect the movement(More)
Neurotransmission requires anterograde axonal transport of dense core vesicles (DCVs) containing neuropeptides and active zone components from the soma to nerve terminals. However, it is puzzling how one-way traffic could uniformly supply sequential release sites called en passant boutons. Here, Drosophila neuropeptide-containing DCVs are tracked in vivo(More)
Synapses require resources synthesized in the neuronal soma, but there are no known mechanisms to overcome delays associated with the synthesis and axonal transport of new proteins generated in response to activity, or to direct resources specifically to active synapses. Here, in vivo imaging of the Drosophila melanogaster neuromuscular junction reveals a(More)
In neurons, tubulin is synthesized primarily in the cell body, whereas the molecular machinery for neurite extension and elaboration of microtubule (MT) array is localized to the growth cone region. This unique functional and biochemical compartmentalization of neuronal cells requires transport mechanisms for the delivery of newly synthesized tubulin and(More)
Activity elicits capture of dense-core vesicles (DCVs) that transit through resting Drosophila synaptic boutons to produce a rebound in presynaptic neuropeptide content following release. The onset of capture overlaps with an increase in the mobility of DCVs already present in synaptic boutons. Vesicle mobilization requires Ca2+-induced Ca2+ release by(More)
Synaptic release of neurotransmitters is evoked by activity-dependent Ca(2+) entry into the nerve terminal. However, here it is shown that robust synaptic neuropeptide release from Drosophila motoneurons is evoked in the absence of extracellular Ca(2+) by octopamine, the arthropod homolog to norepinephrine. Genetic and pharmacology experiments demonstrate(More)
Recently, it has become possible to directly detect changes in neuropeptide vesicle dynamics in nerve terminals in vivo and to measure the release of neuropeptides induced experimentally or evoked by normal behavior. These results were obtained with the use of transgenic fruit flies that express a neuropeptide tagged with green fluorescent protein. Here, we(More)
The acidity of mammalian secretory vesicles drives concentration and processing of their contents. Here, pH-sensitive green fluorescent protein (GFP) variants show that the > or =30-fold (H+) difference between secretory vesicles (pH < or = 5.7) and the cytoplasm (pH = 7.2) in mammalian cells is not present in peptidergic and small synaptic vesicles of the(More)
Ca(2+) can stimulate cyclic nucleotide synthesis, but it is not known whether this signaling occurs in nerve terminals in response to activity. Here, in vivo imaging of Drosophila motoneuron terminals shows that activity rapidly induces a long-lasting signal from a transgenically expressed optical indicator based on the epac1 (exchange protein directly(More)