Dinakar Sasmal

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Recently glutamate transporters have emerged as a potential therapeutic target in a wide range of acute and chronic neurological disorders, owing to their novel mode of action. The modulation of GLT-1, a major glutamate transporter has been shown to exert neuroprotection in various models of ischemic injury and motoneuron degeneration. Therefore, an attempt(More)
Capparis decidua (frock) Edgew (family Capparidaceae) is a xerophytic shrub, commonly known as karrel or ker, whose bark and shoot are used as analgesic, anti-inflammatory, hypolipidemic, and antidiabetic agents. The plant contains generous quantities of alkaloids. An alcoholic extract of aerial parts of C. decidua, including flowers and fruits, was(More)
Glutamate transport represents a key mechanism for maintaining low level of glutamate in the extracellular milieu to restrict the excitotoxic action of glutamate released during ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Recently, it has been reported that glutamate transporter-1 (GLT-1) is a novel target for peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPARγ)(More)
The present study was carried out with the water-soluble portion of the ethanol extracts of flowers, barks, seeds and leaves of Nyctanthes arbortristis Linn. to confirm their CNS depressant activity. The ethanol extracts of the plant parts were obtained by soxhlet extraction. After performing the gross behavioral study, the CNS depressant activity was(More)
The anti-diarrheal activity of methanol extract of dried bark and aerial parts of Litsea polyantha (MELP) has been evaluated in mice using different models (castor oil-induced diarrhea and propulsive gut motility in mice). MELP (50, 75, 100 mg/kg, p.o.) significantly (P<0.01) reduced the onset of diarrhea, fecal excretion and also showed a significant(More)
Serum samples were randomly collected from 172 free-ranging yak (Poephagus grunniens, presently Bos grunniens) from six different yak tracts of Arunachal Pradesh, India, and subjected to enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to detect the presence of specific antibodies against Chlamydophila abortus. The overall prevalence of this disease in yak was 35%. The(More)
In an effort to develop selective MAO (monoamine oxidase) B inhibitors, structure based virtual screening was initiated on an in-house library. Top 10 HITS were synthesized and evaluated for MAO (A and B) inhibitory activity, both against human and rat enzymes. All the compounds were found selective, reversible and active in nM range (100 times more potent(More)
Deltamethrin (DLM) is a well-known pyrethroid insecticide; however, the immunotoxic effects of DLM on the mammalian system and its mechanism is still unclear. This study has been designed to first observe the binding affinity of DLM to immune cell receptors and its effects on the immune system. The docking score revealed that DLM has a strong binding(More)
MAO-B and AChE are the two validated targets for Alzheimer's disease. In pursuit of a single molecule hitting both the targets, we explored a set of previously reported extremely potent MAO-B selective inhibitors, for their additional AChE inhibitory activity. We performed molecular docking studies that formed the basis for in vitro enzyme assay, and(More)
The present study was undertaken to evaluate the gum exudates of Terminalia catappa Linn. (TC gum) as a release retarding excipient in oral controlled drug delivery system. The rheological properties of TC gum were studied and different formulation techniques were used to evaluate the comparative drug release characteristics. The viscosity was found to be(More)