Dina H Kandil

Learn More
CONTEXT The 2 main prototypes of fibroepithelial tumors of the breast include fibroadenoma and phyllodes tumor (PT). Although both tumors share some overlapping histologic features, there are significant differences in their clinical behavior and management. Phyllodes tumors have been further divided into clinically relevant subtypes, and there is more than(More)
BACKGROUND Glypican-3 (GPC3) is a heparan sulfate proteoglycan which is elevated in the serum of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but not in healthy blood donors, or patients with benign liver disease. GPC3 immunohistochemistry (IHC) is a promising marker of HCC in surgical pathology. This study explores the value of GPC3 expression in liver(More)
CONTEXT Immunohistochemistry plays a vital role in the evaluation of breast pathology specimens. OBJECTIVE To discuss the role of myoepithelial cell markers in the evaluation of various breast lesions. Other markers, such as E-cadherin and those used to differentiate mammary carcinoma from metastatic tumors to the breast, and markers used in the(More)
CONTEXT Despite advances in breast cancer management, women continue to relapse and die of breast cancer. Traditionally, evaluation for hormone receptors (estrogen and progesterone), as well as HER2 overexpression, have guided therapy-related decision-making because they are both prognostic and predictive indicators. However, there are limitations with(More)
Human papillomavirus (HPV) positive tonsillar squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) is associated with a favorable clinical outcome. However, the HPV detected in a given tumor may be causal (driver HPV) or an incidental bystander (passenger HPV). There is a need to discriminate these forms of HPV in TSCCs to understand their impact on HPV as a biomarker for use in(More)
CONTEXT Axillary nodal status remains one of the most important prognostic indicators in the management of breast cancer. Axillary node metastases are seen in fewer than half of breast cancer cases, and axillary lymph node dissection is associated with significant morbidity. Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) has become the gold standard for axillary staging(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence of melanoma is increasing. Fine-needle aspiration (FNA) is critical in documenting recurrent/metastatic disease in established cases. The potential of metastatic melanoma (MM) to mimic epithelial tumors presents a diagnostic dilemma. In liver FNA, the distinction between hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and MM is a frequent challenge.(More)
Aplastic anemia and paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) are clinically related. In addition to their concurrent or sequential appearance in individual patients, PNH and aplastic anemia share several pathophysiologic features. The aim of the present study was to screen for PNH clone in Egyptian aplastic anemia pediatric patients before the initiation(More)
Glypican-3 (GPC3) is a heparan sulfate proteoglycan that plays an important role in cell growth and differentiation. GPC3 function is tissue dependent. In some tissues, GPC3 acts as a tumor suppressor gene, whereas in others, it acts as an oncofetal protein. Studies have shown that GPC3 is a reliable marker for hepatocellular carcinoma. The sensitivity and(More)