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The Delta(1)-pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthetase (P5CS; EC not assigned) is the rate-limiting enzyme in proline (Pro) biosynthesis in plants and is subject to feedback inhibition by Pro. It has been suggested that the feedback regulation of P5CS is lost in plants under stress conditions. We compared Pro levels in transgenic tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum) plants(More)
Callose is synthesized on the forming cell plate and several other locations in the plant. We cloned an Arabidopsis cDNA encoding a callose synthase (CalS1) catalytic subunit. The CalS1 gene comprises 42 exons with 41 introns and is transcribed into a 6.0-kb mRNA. The deduced peptide, with an approximate molecular mass of 226 kD, showed sequence homology(More)
Many plants synthesize and accumulate proline in response to osmotic stress. Despite the importance of this pathway, however, the exact metabolic route and enzymes involved in the synthesis of proline in plants have not been unequivocally identified. We report here the isolation of a mothbean (Vigna aconitifolia) cDNA clone encoding a bifunctional enzyme,(More)
Using phragmoplastin as a bait, we isolated an Arabidopsis cDNA encoding a novel UDP-glucose transferase (UGT1). This interaction was confirmed by an in vitro protein--protein interaction assay using purified UGT1 and radiolabeled phragmoplastin. Protein gel blot results revealed that UGT1 is associated with the membrane fraction and copurified with the(More)
The peribacteroid membrane (pbm) of root nodules is derived from the plant cell plasma membrane but contains in addition several nodule-specific host proteins (nodulins). Antibodies raised against purified pbm of soybean were used to immunoprecipitate polysomes to isolate an RNA fraction that served as a template for the synthesis of a cDNA probe for(More)
delta 1-Pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthetase (P5CS) catalyzes the first two steps in proline biosynthesis in plants. The Vigna aconitifolia P5CS cDNA was expressed in Escherichia coli, and the enzyme was purified to homogeneity. The Vigna P5CS exhibited two activities, gamma-glutamyl kinase (gamma-GK) and glutamic acid-5-semialdehyde (GSA) dehydrogenase. The(More)
Glutamine synthetase is the key enzyme in the assimilation by plants of reduced nitrogen provided from either the soil or fixed symbiotically in association with Rhizobium. We have isolated a number of cDNA clones for soybean glutamine synthetase (GS) from a nodule-cDNA library, using RNA from polysomes immunoprecipitated by GS antibodies. Transcripts(More)
A full-length cDNA clone encoding cytosolic glutamine synthetase (GS), expressed in roots and root nodules of soybean, was isolated by direct complementation of an Escherichia coli gln A- mutant. This sequence is induced in roots by the availability of ammonia. A 3.5-kilobase promoter fragment of a genomic clone (lambda GS15) corresponding to this cDNA was(More)
Cytokinesis in a plant cell is accomplished by the formation of a cell plate in the center of the phragmoplast. Little is known of the molecular events associated with this process. In this study, we report the identification of a dynamin-like protein from soybean and demonstrate that this protein is associated with the formation of the cell plate. Plant(More)
Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) is an important component of various receptor tyrosine kinase complexes in mammalian cells and a key enzyme required for cell division and vacuolar protein sorting in yeast. To our knowledge, this enzyme has not been characterized in plants. We report the cloning and characterization of soybean PI3K cDNAs and present(More)