Dimitris Kletsas

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Recent studies have indicated the existence of tumorigenesis barriers that slow or inhibit the progression of preneoplastic lesions to neoplasia. One such barrier involves DNA replication stress, which leads to activation of the DNA damage checkpoint and thereby to apoptosis or cell cycle arrest, whereas a second barrier is mediated by oncogene-induced(More)
DNA damage checkpoint genes, such as p53, are frequently mutated in human cancer, but the selective pressure for their inactivation remains elusive. We analysed a panel of human lung hyperplasias, all of which retained wild-type p53 genes and had no signs of gross chromosomal instability, and found signs of a DNA damage response, including histone H2AX and(More)
Painful intervertebral disc disease is characterised not only by an imbalance between anabolic (i.e., matrix synthesis) and catabolic (i.e., matrix degradation) processes, but also by inflammatory mechanisms. The increased expression and synthesis of matrix metalloproteinases and inflammatory factors is mediated by specific signal transduction, in(More)
Low power laser irradiation is regarded to have a significant role in triggering cellular proliferation and in treating diseases of diverse etiologies. The present work contributes to the understanding of the mechanisms of action by studying low power laser effects in human fibroblasts. Confocal laser scanning microscopy is used for irradiation and(More)
Intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration is frequently characterized by increased cell proliferation, probably as a tissue regenerative response. Although many growth factors and their receptors have been shown to be expressed normally in the disc, and generally to be over-expressed during degeneration, not all of them have been thoroughly studied concerning(More)
A primary goal of bone research is to understand the mechanism(s) by which mechanical forces dictate the cellular and metabolic activities of osteoblasts, the bone-forming cells. Several studies indicate that osteblastic cells respond to physical loading by transducing signals that alter gene expression patterns. Accumulated data have documented the(More)
Numerous upstream stimulatory and inhibitory signals converge to the pRb/E2F pathway, which governs cell-cycle progression, but the information concerning alterations of E2F-1 in primary malignancies is very limited. Several in vitro studies report that E2F-1 can act either as an oncoprotein or as a tumour suppressor protein. In view of this dichotomy in(More)
The accurate execution of DNA replication requires a strict control of the replication licensing factors hCdt1 and hCdc6. The role of these key replication molecules in carcinogenesis has not been clarified. To examine how early during cancer development deregulation of these factors occurs, we investigated their status in epithelial lesions covering(More)
2-deoxy-D-Ribose (dRib), the most reducing sugar, induces apoptosis in normal human fibroblasts, as judged by cytoplasmic shrinkage, chromatin condensation, DNA fragmentation and mitochondrial depolarization. This effect is independent from culture conditions, such as cell density and the presence or absence of serum in the culture milieu, suggesting that(More)
PURPOSE Secretory clusterin (sCLU)/apolipoprotein J is an extracellular chaperone that has been functionally implicated in DNA repair, cell cycle regulation, apoptotic cell death, and tumorigenesis. It exerts a prosurvival function against most therapeutic treatments for cancer and is currently an antisense target in clinical trials for tumor therapy.(More)