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In this study, a pattern recognition system has been developed for the discrimination of multiple sclerosis (MS) from cerebral microangiopathy (CM) lesions based on computer-assisted texture analysis of magnetic resonance images. Twenty-three textural features were calculated from MS and CM regions of interest, delineated by experienced radiologists on(More)
A multi-classifier diagnostic system was designed for distinguishing between benign and malignant thyroid nodules from routinely taken (FNA, H&E-stained) cytological images. To construct the multi-classifier system, several combination rules and different mixtures of ensemble classifier members, employing morphological and textural nuclear features, were(More)
Grading of astrocytomas is an important task for treatment planning; however, it suffers from significantly great inter-observer variability. Computer-assisted diagnosis systems have been propose to assist towards minimizing subjectivity, however, these systems present either moderate accuracy or utilize specialized staining protocols and grading systems(More)
In the present study an attempt was made to focus in the differences between Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) patients and healthy controls, as reflected by the P600 component of event-related potential (ERP) signals, to locate brain areas that may be related to Working Memory (WM) deficits. Neuropsychological research has yielded contradicting results(More)
A computer-aided diagnosis system was developed for assisting brain astrocytomas malignancy grading. Microscopy images from 140 astrocytic biopsies were digitized and cell nuclei were automatically segmented using a Probabilistic Neural Network pixel-based clustering algorithm. A decision tree classification scheme was constructed to discriminate low,(More)
MOTIVATION One of the major factors that complicate the task of microarray image analysis is that microarray images are distorted by various types of noise. In this study a robust framework is proposed, designed to take into account the effect of noise in microarray images in order to assist the demanding task of microarray image analysis. The proposed(More)
An image-analysis system based on the concept of Support Vector Machines (SVM) was developed to assist in grade diagnosis of brain tumour astrocytomas in clinical routine. One hundred and forty biopsies of astrocytomas were characterized according to the WHO system as grade II, III and IV. Images from biopsies were digitized, and cell nuclei regions were(More)
A wavelet-based modification of the Markov random field (WMRF) model is proposed for segmenting complementary DNA (cDNA) microarray images. For evaluation purposes, five simulated and a set of five real microarray images were used. The one-level stationary wavelet transform (SWT) of each microarray image was used to form two images, a denoised image, using(More)
The objective of this paper was to investigate the segmentation ability of the fuzzy Gaussian mixture model (FGMM) clustering algorithm, applied on complementary DNA (cDNA) images. Following a standard established procedure, a simulated microarray image of 1600 cells, each containing one spot, was produced. For further evaluation of the algorithm, three(More)