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OBJECTIVES Our purpose was to assess the diagnostic utility of mid-regional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP) for the diagnosis of acute heart failure (AHF) and the prognostic value of mid-regional pro-adrenomedullin (MR-proADM) in patients with AHF. BACKGROUND There are some caveats and limitations to natriuretic peptide testing in the acute(More)
In human disease and experimental animal models, depressed Ca(2+) handling in failing cardiomyocytes is widely attributed to impaired sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) function. In mice, disruption of the PLN gene encoding phospholamban (PLN) or expression of dominant-negative PLN mutants enhances SR and cardiac function, but effects of PLN mutations in humans(More)
OBJECTIVES This study sought to investigate gender-related differences in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) in Europe. BACKGROUND Gender-related differences may play a significant role in AF. METHODS We analyzed the data of 5,333 patients (42% female) enrolled in the Euro Heart Survey on Atrial Fibrillation. RESULTS Compared with men, the women(More)
Ischemic postconditioning, a simple mechanical maneuver at the onset of reperfusion, reduces infarct size after ischemia/reperfusion. After its first description in 2003 by Zhao et al. numerous experimental studies have investigated this protective phenomenon. Whereas the underlying mechanisms and signal transduction are not yet understood in detail,(More)
BACKGROUND In patients with heart failure (HF), increased arginine vasopressin concentrations are associated with more severe disease, making arginine vasopressin an attractive target for therapy. However, AVP is difficult to measure due to its in vitro instability and rapid clearance. Copeptin, the C-terminal segment of preprovasopressin, is a stable and(More)
BACKGROUND Postconditioning with multiple very short coronary occlusions immediately after prolonged ischemia is a new endogenous mechanism for protection of the ischemic heart. We tested whether postconditioning is effective in limiting infarct size in hypercholesterolemic rabbits. METHODS Male rabbits were fed a cholesterol-enriched diet for 6 weeks.(More)
Previous studies have demonstrated inflammation to be a risk factor in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). In this prospective study of 90 patients with persistent and permanent AF and 46 controls, we found increased C-reactive protein (CRP) and interleukin-6 levels in patients with AF compared with controls (p <0.001). Multivariate analysis revealed(More)
OBJECTIVES Our aim was assess the prognostic value of midregional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP) using a new immunoassay in patients with chronic heart failure (HF). BACKGROUND Assessment of natriuretic peptides represents a useful addition in establishing the diagnosis of chronic HF. Their plasma values are powerful predictors of survival in(More)
INTRODUCTION Catheter ablation is potentially curative treatment for atrial fibrillation (AF). However, complications are more frequent and more severe compared with other ablation procedures. We investigated the complication rate in 1,000 AF ablation procedures in a high-volume center and examined possible risk factors. METHODS AND RESULTS One thousand(More)
Thgoal of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the antioxidant olive constituent, oleuropein, on infarct size, oxidative damage, and the metabolic profile in rabbits subjected to ischemia. Oleuropein, 10 or 20 mg/(kg x d), was administered to 8 groups that consumed a normal or hypercholesterolemic diet for 6 wk or only the higher dose for 3 wk.(More)