Dimitrios Petrou Bogdanos

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Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is characterized by the presence of high-titer disease specific autoantibodies directed against mitochondrial antigens (AMA) of the inner mitochondrial membrane, that are members of the 2-oxo acid complex. Among numerous other autoantibodies found in PBC the focus of ongoing studies is on the PBC-specific anti-nuclear(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS CD4(+) lymphocytes constitutively expressing the IL-2-receptor alpha-chain (CD25) regulate the activation of CD4 and CD8 autoreactive T-cells by suppressing their proliferation and effector function. The aim of this study is to: (1) measure the percentage of CD4(+)CD25(+) T-cells (T-regs) in patients with autoimmune liver disease at(More)
Prevalence and clinical relevance of antibodies to soluble liver antigen (tRNP((Ser)Sec)/SLA) in autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) have been investigated using partially purified or prokaryotically expressed antigen. The aim of this study was to improve the detection of anti-tRNP((Ser)Sec)/SLA by establishing an immunoassay that was able to identify antibodies(More)
Anti-mitochondrial autoantibodies (AMA) are specific markers of primary biliary liver cirrhosis (PBC), a cholestatic autoimmune disease which is characterised by a progressive destruction of the biliary epithelial cells followed by fibrosis, cirrhosis and liver failure. The prevalence of AMA in PBC is more than 90% and they can precede long before the(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Previous studies on patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) have shown extensive cross-reactivity between the dominant B- and T-cell epitopes of human pyruvate dehydrogenase complex-E2 (PDC-E2), and microbial mimics. Such observations have suggested microbial infection as having a role in the induction of anti-mitochondrial antibodies,(More)
Autoantibody detection assists in the diagnosis and allows differentiation of autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) type 1 (AIH-1), characterized by antinuclear antibody (ANA) and/or smooth muscle antibody (SMA), and type 2 (AIH-2), distinguished by the presence of antibodies to liver-kidney microsome type 1 (anti-LKM1) and/or antibodies to liver cytosol type 1(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS CD4 T lymphocytes constitutively expressing the IL-2-receptor alpha-chain (CD25) (T-regs) are central to self-tolerance maintenance, preventing the proliferation and effector function of autoreactive T-cells. In autoimmune hepatitis T-regs are defective in number but maintain the ability to suppress IFNgamma production by CD4+CD25-(More)
Infectious agents have been postulated to play a pathogenic role in the loss of immunological tolerance and the induction of primary biliary cirrhosis, an immune-mediated cholestatic liver disease characterized by progressive destruction of the small intrahepatic bile ducts and subsequent cirrhosis and liver failure. This review discusses emerging issues(More)
Cytochrome P4502D6 (CYP2D6), target of liver kidney microsomal autoantibody type 1 (LKM1), characterizes autoimmune hepatitis type 2 (AIH2) but is also found in patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. To provide a complete linear epitope B cell map of CYP2D6, we tested peptides spanning the entire sequence of CYP2D6. In addition to(More)