Dimitrios P. Kontoyiannis

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BACKGROUND Zygomycosis is an increasingly emerging life-threatening infection. There is no single comprehensive literature review that describes the epidemiology and outcome of this disease. METHODS We reviewed reports of zygomycosis in the English-language literature since 1885 and analyzed 929 eligible cases. We included in the database only those cases(More)
Thomas J. Walsh, Elias J. Anaissie, David W. Denning, Raoul Herbrecht, Dimitrios P. Kontoyiannis, Kieren A. Marr, Vicki A. Morrison, Brahm H Segal, William J. Steinbach, David A. Stevens, Jo-Anne van Burik, John R. Wingard, and Thomas F. Patterson Pediatric Oncology Branch, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, Maryland; University of Arkansas for Medical(More)
BACKGROUND The incidence and epidemiology of invasive fungal infections (IFIs), a leading cause of death among hematopoeitic stem cell transplant (HSCT) recipients, are derived mainly from single-institution retrospective studies. METHODS The Transplant Associated Infections Surveillance Network, a network of 23 US transplant centers, prospectively(More)
BACKGROUND Invasive fungal infections (IFIs) are a major cause of morbidity and mortality among organ transplant recipients. Multicenter prospective surveillance data to determine disease burden and secular trends are lacking. METHODS The Transplant-Associated Infection Surveillance Network (TRANSNET) is a consortium of 23 US transplant centers, including(More)
Mucormycosis is an emerging angioinvasive infection caused by the ubiquitous filamentous fungi of the Mucorales order of the class of Zygomycetes. Mucormycosis has emerged as the third most common invasive mycosis in order of importance after candidiasis and aspergillosis in patients with hematological and allogeneic stem cell transplantation. Mucormycosis(More)
Invasive fungal diseases (IFDs) have become major causes of morbidity and mortality among highly immunocompromised patients. Authoritative consensus criteria to diagnose IFD have been useful in establishing eligibility criteria for antifungal trials. There is an important need for generation of consensus definitions of outcomes of IFD that will form a(More)
It is important to realize that guidelines cannot always account for individual variation among patients. They are not intended to supplant physician judgment with respect to particular patients or special clinical situations. IDSA considers adherence to these guidelines to be voluntary, with the ultimate determination regarding their application to be made(More)
BACKGROUND Invasive aspergillosis (IA) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) and solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients. The purpose of this study was to evaluate factors associated with mortality in transplant patients with IA. METHODS Transplant patients from 23 US centers were enrolled from March(More)
BACKGROUND Anecdotal evidence suggests a rise in zygomycosis in association with voriconazole (VRC) use in immunosuppressed patients. METHODS We performed prospective surveillance of patients with zygomycosis (group A; n = 27) and compared them with contemporaneous patients with invasive aspergillosis (group B; n = 54) and with matched contemporaneous(More)
The incidence of invasive aspergillosis was estimated among 4621 hematopoietic stem cell transplants (HSCT) and 4110 solid organ transplants (SOT) at 19 sites dispersed throughout the United States, during a 22 month period from 1 March 2001 through 31 December 2002. Cases were identified using the consensus definitions for proven and probable infection(More)