Dimitrios Karacostas

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Transient epileptic amnesia (TEA) is a recently described, typically misdiagnosed at presentation, distinctive syndrome, characterized by recurrent, brief attacks of memory loss in middle-aged or elderly people, accompanied by significant interictal memory difficulties. We describe the clinical, neuroimaging, electrophysiological, and neuropsychological(More)
Using 20 rabbits, we tried to establish a new model of experimental subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) for examining both acute and chronic cerebral vasospasm. A cranial opening was drilled, and a puncture made on the posterior branch of the middle cerebral artery. A second puncture was made in the superior sagittal sinus for additional withdrawal of(More)
Seventy-six splenectomized dogs were entered in a study of the value and effects of isovolemic hemodilution. Of these, seven were not included in the analysis because of technical errors. Of the remaining 69 dogs, 35 were treated with hemodilution; 28 were subjected to a 6-hour period of temporary occlusion of the distal internal carotid artery and the(More)
BACKGROUND Multiple sclerosis (MS) only rarely coexists with ankylosing spondylitis (AS). The optimal management of these patients represents a major challenge. METHODS In the present study, we report 2 cases of AS with definite MS comorbidity. One of the AS-MS cases had received anti-TNFα treatment, which was discontinued due to exacerbation of the MS.(More)
Cobalamin-deficient myelopathy is a neurologic disorder manifesting progressive symptoms of paresthesiae and spastic paralysis. The pathologic changes initially involve the posterior columns of the cervical and upper thoracic cord. The authors present the case of a patient with cobalamin deficiency with preferential posterior columns involvement, as(More)
A 28-year-old, previously healthy, normotensive woman suddenly developed an acute pseudobulbar palsy with dysarthria, dysphagia, hypernasal voice and mild right arm paresis. Extensive laboratory investigations excluded all other possible causes of acute pseudobulbar palsy (neoplastic, inflammatory, demyelinative, myasthenic) and an MRI study demonstrated(More)
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE Addenbrooke's Cognitive Examination-Revised [1] is a highly sensitive and specific bedside test for the diagnosis of dementia. The aim of this study was to validate a Greek version of this simple, bedside instrument and to investigate its psychometric properties. METHOD We translated and administered the Greek version of the ACE-R to 95(More)