Dimitrios Kaltsas

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Relief of symptoms can be achieved following surgery for growth hormone (GH)-secreting adenomas, as well as after pharmacological therapy with somatostatin analogs. Recently, long-acting somatostatin analog depot formulations, octreotide LAR and lanreotide SR have become available. Somatostatin analogs control GH/insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-1 excess,(More)
Osteoporosis represents an important cause of morbidity in patients with beta-thalassemia major, and its etiology is multifactorial. Thus, the aim of this study was to characterize the possible role of the osteoprotegerin (OPG) and receptor activator of the NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL) system in thalassemia-related bone loss. Serum concentrations of OPG,(More)
Chronic pancreatitis (CP) is considered to be a rare cause of diabetes mellitus. However, in both the developed and developing world, there is an increasing number of patients suffering from pancreatitis probably due to lifestyle changes, which is partially associated with both social factors and the poor health status of immigrants. Owing to these(More)
Breast cancer is one of the main life-threatening diseases that a woman may have to face during her lifetime. The increasing incidence of breast neoplasia reported over the last few decades has led to widespread screening of women resulting in early diagnosis. One common but challenging question for most doctors, after the surgical excision of the lesion,(More)
In the quest for the construction of silicene, the silicon analogue of graphene, recent experimental studies have identified a number of distinct ultrathin Si over-layer structures on a Ag(111) surface. Here we use first-principles calculations to probe associated atomic-scale mechanisms that can give rise to this rich behavior of Si wetting layers. We(More)
Osteoporosis is a common, multifactorial cause of morbidity in patients with beta-thalassemia. The present study was performed to compare bone mineral density (BMD) results in the lumbar spine of thalassemic patients measured by both dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) and quantitative computed tomography (QCT), and to determine their correlations with(More)
Recent studies have examined the possibility of growing honeycomb silicene and germanene, the silicon and germanium analogues of graphene. Here we use first-principles calculations to examine the relative stability of a number of other single-layer structures that are derived from prominent surface reconstructions of group-IV semiconductors. We find that Si(More)
Osteoprotegerin (OPG) and receptor activator of NF-kappaB ligand (RANKL) have been recently implicated in the pathogenesis of various types of osteoporosis. The aim of this study was to investigate bone turnover in eugonadal female patients with this disease and characterize the possible role of the OPG/RANKL system in thalassemia-related bone loss. Markers(More)
Germanane (GeH) and silicane (SiH) are the fully hydrogenated forms of germanene and silicene, the Ge- and Si-analogues of graphene. Here we use density-functional theory calculations to probe the properties of GeH and SiH sheets and their dependence on applied uni-axial compression. We find that GeH polymorphs with distinct hydrogen arrangements have(More)
Experimental studies have shown that honeycomb silicene layers can grow on various metal substrates. Here we demonstrate using first-principles calculations that hydrogenation and calcium intercalation can be employed to break bonds between a silicene overlayer and a silver surface. The end result of the former process is the creation of a silicane(More)