Learn More
A variety of cytokines mediate the activation of Janus protein tyrosine kinases (Jaks). The Jaks then phosphorylate cellular substrates, including members of the signal transducers and activators of transcription (Stat) family of transcription factors. Among the Stats, the two highly related proteins, Stat5a and Stat5b, are activated by a variety of(More)
A variety of cytokines activate receptor-associated members of the Janus family of protein tyrosine kinases (Jaks). To assess the role of Jak2, we have derived Jak2-deficient mice. The mutation causes an embryonic lethality due to the absence of definitive erythropoiesis. Fetal liver myeloid progenitors, although present based on the expression of lineage(More)
The objective of this study was to approach the basic mechanism(s) underlying reported ovarian apoptotic cell death and fecundity decrease induced by nonionizing radiation (NIR) in Drosophila melanogaster. ROS (Reactive Oxygen Species) levels were measured in the bodies and the ovaries of (sexually mature) 4-day-old flies, following exposure for 0.5, 1, 6,(More)
SOCS1 is an SH2-containing protein that is primarily expressed in thymocytes in a cytokine- and T cell receptor-independent manner. SOCS1 deletion causes perinatal lethality with death by 2-3 weeks. During this period thymic changes include a loss of cellularity and a switch from predominantly CD4+ CD8+ to single positive cells. Peripheral T cells express(More)
Stat5 was initially identified as a prolactin-induced member of the signal transducer and activator of transcription (Stat) family in sheep. However, Stat5 is also activated in the response to a variety of cytokines. In mice, and possibly in other species, there exist two Stat5 genes (Stat5a and Stat5b) that encode proteins of 92 and 94 kDa that are 95%(More)
In the present study we demonstrate the existence of two apoptotic patterns in Drosophila nurse cells during oogenesis. One is developmentally regulated and normally occurs at stage 12 and the other is stage-specific and is sporadically observed at stages 7 and 8 of abnormally developed follicles. The apoptotic manifestation of the first pattern begins at(More)
Cisplatin is a first-line chemotherapeutic agent and a powerful component of standard treatment regimens for several human malignancies including bladder cancer. DNA-Pt adducts produced by cisplatin are mainly responsible for cellular toxicity and induction of apoptosis. Identification of the mechanisms that control sensitivity to cisplatin is central to(More)
Autophagy is a physiological and evolutionarily conserved process maintaining homeostatic functions, such as protein degradation and organelle turnover. Accumulating data provide evidence that autophagy also contributes to cell death under certain circumstances, but how this is achieved is not well known. Herein, we report that autophagy occurs during(More)
Autophagy is a major pathway for the degradation of long-lived proteins and cytoplasmic organelles and an essential part of programmed cell death, as well. Our findings indicate that programmed cell death of the ovarian follicle cells in the higher Diptera species Bactrocera oleae and Ceratitis capitata manifests features of autophagic cell death. The(More)
A variety of cytokines that regulate functions of multiple lineages share the utilization of receptors that are structurally and functionally related and are referred to as the cytokine receptor superfamily. These receptors associate with one or more of the four mammalian Janus kinases (Jaks) and ligand-induced receptor aggregation results in their(More)