Dimitrios G. Karamanolis

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OBJECTIVES Low-dose aspirin is standard treatment for prevention of cardiovascular events in at-risk patients. However, long-term administration of low-dose aspirin is associated with a greater risk of adverse events, including gastroduodenal ulcers. This study determined the efficacy of esomeprazole for reducing the risk of gastric and/or duodenal ulcers(More)
BACKGROUND There are no studies assessing mucosal healing of the small bowel in patients with Crohn's disease (CD). Our aim was to assess the correlation between clinical response and mucosal healing of the small bowel using wireless capsule endoscopy (WCE). METHODS This was a prospective, multicenter, case-series study. Forty patients with known or(More)
Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) represents a functional disorder of gastrointestinal tract without the presence of an anatomic defect, in which abdominal pain is relieved with defecation and is associated with altered bowel habits.IBS includes a wide range of symptoms while its pathophysiology is very complicated. Recent studies indicate that the most(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Cirrhotic patients are predisposed to intestinal bacterial overgrowth with translocation of bacterial products which may deteriorate liver hemodynamics. Having shown that short-term administration of rifaximin improves liver hemodynamics in decompensated cirrhosis, we conducted this study to investigate the effect of intestinal(More)
BACKGROUND Long-term follow-up data on patients with obscure GI bleeding subjected to capsule endoscopy (CE) are missing. OBJECTIVE Our purpose was to follow up patients with a nondiagnostic test and determine whether a second-look CE would be beneficial. PATIENTS We enrolled 293 subjects. CE studies were classified as diagnostic (positive findings) or(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Approximately, 25-30% of patients (pts) have gastrinomas, (Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, ZES), as part of the inherited syndrome, multiple endocrine neoplasia 1 (MEN-1). The identification of MEN-1 syndrome in these pts is always important, as there are some differences in their management and prognosis. Among 33 pts with ZES, we present in(More)
BACKGROUND Most tertiary gastroenterology centers currently offer an open-access capsule endoscopy (CE) service, including patients with obscure gastrointestinal bleeding. However, CE may identify lesions missed by conventional endoscopy. AIMS To determine the incidence of bleeding lesions missed by the preceding gastroscopy/colonoscopy that were revealed(More)
Colonoscopy was carried out in 65 patients in whom double-contrast barium enemas for bowel symptoms had shown sigmoid diverticular disease. In 19 of these, barium enemas had shown neoplastic lesions--polyps in 17 and carcinoma in 2; but colonoscopy showed no polyps in 9 of the 17. In 1 a carcinoma not a polyp was found, and of the 2 carcinomas only 1 was(More)
In patients with proton-pump inhibitor (PPI) resistant reflux symptoms, ambulatory 24 h pH impedance monitoring can be used to assess whether a relationship exists between symptoms and reflux episodes. Using this technique it has been suggested that patients with typical reflux symptoms and a normal upper endoscopy should be subclassified as follows: normal(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Helicobacter pylori infection is a recognized cause of hypergastrinemia, but the association of blood gastrin levels with colonic adenomas (CAs) is controversial. The aim of this study is to investigate if hypergastrinemia, H. pylori infection and/or cagA protein are risk factors for CAs. METHODS In this prospective case-control study,(More)