Dimitrios Chatzistefanidis

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OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether epilepsy or certain antiepileptic drugs render patients prone to develop low bone mineral density (BMD) and osteoporosis risk. METHODS Thirty-eight (27 males, 11 females) consecutive adult epileptic patients receiving antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) and 71 control individuals matched for race, gender, age and body mass index (BMI)(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Apolipropotein E(apoE) is a plasma protein exhibiting three common isoforms (E2, E3, E4). Its involvement in lipoprotein metabolism may have an impact on stroke occurrence. As results in the literature are inconclusive further studies are needed to elucidate its role. Our objective was to study the role of apoE isoforms and the(More)
Lafora disease (LD; OMIM 254780), one of the genetic progressive myoclonus epilepsies (PME), is a fatal autosomal recessive disorder. LD is characterized by periodic acid-Schiff positive (PAS+) staining intracellular inclusion bodies, which are pathognomic of the disease. Symptoms of LD are expressed in early adolescence and include generalized, mostly(More)
Lacosamide (LCM) is a newer antiepileptic drug with a favorable safety profile used in partial epilepsy as adjunctive therapy. The most common side effects include dizziness, headache, confusion, diplopia, nausea, nasopharyngitis, and vomiting. Although sporadic cases of drug-induced psychosis have been reported for some antiepileptic drugs, this was not(More)
Limbic encephalitis (LE) is rare, presents with memory impairment, seizures and behavioral disorder. We present a 44-year-old female with an agitation-depressive disorder associated with delusions and hallucinations, admitted to our hospital with the diagnosis of psychosis. A computed tomography (CT) scan of the brain and lumbar puncture on admission were(More)
Raising interest towards genes implicates the effect of estrogen receptor-alpha (ESR1) gene on cerebrovascular disease, but data are lacking regarding the effect of estrogen receptor-beta (ESR2) gene. We assessed the hypothesis that AluI (G/A) polymorphism of the ESR2 gene (rs 4986938) is associated with ischemic stroke in a Caucasian population. Four(More)
BACKGROUND Mirtazapine is an antidepressant blocking presynaptic alpha2-adrenergic receptors and an antagonist of 5-hydroxytryptamine 2A/2C, 5-hydroxytryptamine 3, and histaminergic (H) postsynaptic receptor. Acute dystonia restless legs syndrome (RLS) and manic syndromes are adverse effects of mirtazapine, whereas only few cases of acute akathisia, after(More)
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