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We have established the presence of at least two large chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans in the developing chick brain, one that reacts exclusively with HNK-1, a carbohydrate epitope found on several neural specific molecules, and one that reacts with S103L, a defined peptide epitope in the CS-2 domain of the cartilage-specific chondroitin sulfate(More)
Cultures were prepared from 3-, 6- and 8-day-old chick embryos. Whole chick embryos were dissociated by sieving through a nylon mesh for E3 cultures and cerebral hemispheres for E6 and E8 cultures. The dispersed cells were plated onto poly-L-lysine coated culture dishes in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium, containing 10% fetal bovine calf serum. Growth(More)
Cells from human amniotic fluid derived from the fetus are considered a source of multipotent cells. Their properties have not been fully exploited, partially because unlike other embryonic sources such as embryonic stem (ES) cells, cell lines from amniocentesis samples have not been generated. We have established and characterized the properties of eight(More)
The protein product of the neurofibromatosis 1 gene, neurofibromin, is abundantly expressed in the cerebral cortex during development, but its physiological role remains unknown. To gain insights into the functions of neurofibromin in neurons, we examined patterns of expression and subcellular localization of neurofibromin during neuronal differentiation.(More)
Cultures were prepared by dissociating 3-day-old whole chick embryos, or 6- or 8-day-old chick embryo cerebral hemispheres. The dispersed cells were plated onto poly-L-lysine coated dishes in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium fortified with 10% fetal bovine calf serum. Immunocytochemistry, histochemistry and biochemistry were used to characterize the(More)
Chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPG) of the extracellular matrix may play regulatory roles in central nervous system (CNS) development. We have examined the expression of two large CSPGs of the embryonic chick brain, which can be differentiated using the monoclonal antibodies HNK-1 and S103L, in cultures of embryonic day 6 chick cerebral hemisphere(More)
Children with neurofibromatosis (NF1) typically develop central nervous system (CNS) abnormalities, including aberrant proliferation of astrocytes and formation of benign astrocytomas. The NF1 gene encodes neurofibromin, a Ras-GAP, highly expressed in developing neural cells; the mechanism of regulation of neurofibromin as a Ras-GAP, remains however(More)
The dopaminergic transcriptional programme is highly regulated during development and in the adult, in response to activation of membrane receptor signalling cascades. Gene expression of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH), the rate-limiting enzyme in dopamine synthesis, is known to be regulated by receptors that act through protein kinase C (PKC) or Ras signalling.(More)
The effects of pituitary and extrapituitary prolactin include cellular proliferation and differentiation. PC12 cells was used as a model to delineate respective signaling of prolactin. Prolactin acted as a mitogen for undifferentiated PC12 cells, as measured by significant increases in bromodeoxyuridine incorporation and in cell numbers, with an efficacy(More)