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We have established the presence of at least two large chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans in the developing chick brain, one that reacts exclusively with HNK-1, a carbohydrate epitope found on several neural specific molecules, and one that reacts with S103L, a defined peptide epitope in the CS-2 domain of the cartilage-specific chondroitin sulfate(More)
Earlier studies in our laboratory have shown that C-6 glial cells in culture exhibit astrocytic properties with increasing cell passage. In this study, we tested the responsiveness of early and late passage C-6 glial cells to various cultures conditions: culture substrata (collagen, poly-L-lysine, plastic), or supplements for the culture medium, DMEM,(More)
The protein product of the neurofibromatosis 1 gene, neurofibromin, is abundantly expressed in the cerebral cortex during development, but its physiological role remains unknown. To gain insights into the functions of neurofibromin in neurons, we examined patterns of expression and subcellular localization of neurofibromin during neuronal differentiation.(More)
Children with neurofibromatosis (NF1) typically develop central nervous system (CNS) abnormalities, including aberrant proliferation of astrocytes and formation of benign astrocytomas. The NF1 gene encodes neurofibromin, a Ras-GAP, highly expressed in developing neural cells; the mechanism of regulation of neurofibromin as a Ras-GAP, remains however(More)
Cells from human amniotic fluid derived from the fetus are considered a source of multipotent cells. Their properties have not been fully exploited, partially because unlike other embryonic sources such as embryonic stem (ES) cells, cell lines from amniocentesis samples have not been generated. We have established and characterized the properties of eight(More)
The effects of pituitary and extrapituitary prolactin include cellular proliferation and differentiation. PC12 cells was used as a model to delineate respective signaling of prolactin. Prolactin acted as a mitogen for undifferentiated PC12 cells, as measured by significant increases in bromodeoxyuridine incorporation and in cell numbers, with an efficacy(More)
Resistance to thyroid hormone (RTH) is a dominantly inherited syndrome characterized by hyposensitivity to thyroid hormone caused by mutations in the thyroid hormone receptor-beta (TR beta) gene. Replication-defective recombinant adenoviruses were constructed that express the human wild-type (WT) TR beta, a human mutant TR beta identified in a family with(More)
Chondroitin sulfate proteoglycans (CSPG) of the extracellular matrix may play regulatory roles in central nervous system (CNS) development. We have examined the expression of two large CSPGs of the embryonic chick brain, which can be differentiated using the monoclonal antibodies HNK-1 and S103L, in cultures of embryonic day 6 chick cerebral hemisphere(More)
This review explores the role of individual opioid receptor types and signal transduction pathways on cell growth and differentiation. The findings reviewed herein provide suggestive evidence that while no single opioid receptor or peptide type exclusively regulates growth, depending on the cell type, the activation of all three (mu, delta, or kappa) opioid(More)